Prevention of Reproductive Diseases

-Mammograms can detects for lumps in the breasts, which can be a sign of breast cancer. Women should be getting these exams. Age 40 is the approximate time the women should receive this exam. Women should get a mammogram every two years starting from this age. Breast cancer can be cause by family inherited genes, or slow cell division. Breast cancer can be prevented by limiting alcohol and staying physically active.


-Pap Smears can detect for cancer cells in a woman's cervix. Women should be getting these exams. Once a woman turns 21, she should start getting regular pap smears. These tests should be done every three years. Cervical cancer can be cause by obtaining papillomavirus (HPV). HPV can be prevented by a medication called Gardasil.


-Testicular exams are checks to see if there and any lumps or bumps, which can cause testicular cancer. Men should be getting these exams. They should start these between the ages of 15 to 35. It is important to do these exams every month. Testicular cancer can be cause by unhealthy cells in the testicle that do not order and divide properly. It can be prevent by doing the exams as much as possible.


-Prostate exams check to see if the person may have prostate cancer. Men should be getting these exams. It is encouraged that these exams are done between the ages of 40 and 75. These exams should be done every four years. Prostate cancer can be caused by a change of DNA in your prostate. Eating fruits can help prevent prostate cancer.













Sources:

http://www.stopcancerfund.org/p-breast-cancer/2012-update-when-should-women-start-regular-mammograms-40-50-and-how-often-is-regular/

http://womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/mammograms.html

http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=24521

http://www.webmd.com/cancer/cervical-cancer/cervical-cancer-topic-overview

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/testicular-cancer/basics/causes/con-20043068

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostatecancer/detailedguide/prostate-cancer-what-causes

http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/womens-health/in-depth/breast-cancer-prevention/art-20044676

http://www.everydayhealth.com/sexual-health-pictures/ways-to-prevent-hpv-0117.aspx

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostatecancer/detailedguide/prostate-cancer-prevention