Citizenship, Law, and Justice
Rome vs. United States
In Rome, citizenship belonged to all free, law abiding white people. The rights the roman citizens owned were that they had the ability to vote, hold official offices, own property, write contracts, and be able to go to court. Male citizens enjoyed owning their rights. Meanwhile, female citizens owned limited rights like women are not allowed to vote or hold a position in the public office. However, women have the right to own a property or engage in business.
The rights of the citizens of the US are set forth in the constitution. Among them are the right to free expression, can choose their religion or belief to worship. The right to vote , and to run for elected office , as well as, the right to trial by a jury.
Rome and US have something in common in terms of the process of collecting and arranging laws, and how new laws are made. Laws of these countries need to pass in legislation assembly like the House of Representatives and the Senate in the case of the US in order the proposal to become a law. However, these countries have differences as well. Rome incorporates religion with their law while in the US, religion and authority is separated from law. The Emperor has the supreme authority in Rome, while the President in US is not above law, and has to nominate Supreme Court Judges to make sure that the laws passed are consistent with the US Constitution.
Both countries have the individual freedoms like trial by jury, innocent until proven guilty, right of appeal, among others. However, in Rome one could appeal if you are a citizen, and in the US, there is an extension of the appeal process to many which include many levels throughout the judicial system.
The punishment if found guilty is determined by social class in Rome. Upperclass people are given options of suicide or exile while the lower class people are given death penalty. In the US, there is an equality for all in dealing the justice system.