Causes of the Civil War
By: Kaleb Gorman
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Missouri Compromise was created by Henry Clay and it was to separate the free countries and slave countries. If adding a state the you will have to add another to keep it balanced in the system. Sectionalism threatened the union. The Missouri compromise settled the statehood on the application.
Bleeding Kansas 1854-1861
Kansas had two governments and the population was angry. The pro-slavery owned guns so the antislavery was sent guns from the east. The posse set Lawrence to fire and looted buildings. John Brown was crazy and killed 5 pro-slavery settlers while sleeping and it was called the Pottawatomie Massacre.
Dred Scott Decision 1857
Just two days after Buchanan became president, the Supreme Court issued a historic ruling about slavery. News of the decision threw the country back into crisis. The Court reviewed and decided the complex case involving an enslaved man named Dred Scott. He was taken into the north where it was free and still worked for a slave owner.
Election of 1860
The Constitutional Union Party recognized “no political principles other than the Constitution of the country, the Union of the states, and the enforcement of the laws. John Bell was a candidate of the new party. Bell was a slaveholder, but he had opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854.Douglas, Breckinridge, and Bell each knew he might not win the election. They hoped to win enough electoral votes to prevent Lincoln from winning in the electoral college. But with a uni ed Republican Party behind him, Lincoln won.
South Secedes December 1860-June 1861
Lincoln insisted that he would not change slavery in the South. However, he said that slavery could not expand and thus would eventually die out completely. That idea angered many southerners. No more slave states should be in the union. People can go against it.
The Missouri Compromise of 1820 (APUSH Review - Period 4)
All of these events lead up to the Civil war. But the Kansas Nebraska started it. It started y lighting Lawrence up in flames. Then the Civil war came and the United States won.