Emotional Behavioral Disabilities

A journey through the learning needs of students with EBD

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Defined as:

A condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child's educational performance:

  • An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors
  • An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers
  • Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances
  • A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression
  • A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school factors.

-[Code of Federal Regulations, Title 34, Section 300.7(c)(4)(i)]

Various Levels of Severity

Student Profile with EBD

Learning Difficulties Associated with EBD

  • low attendance at school
  • difficulty building strong relationships with teachers and peers
  • disturb peers, ignore teacher
  • excluded from peer controlled activities
  • don't complete assignments
  • don't follow directions promptly
  • short attention span
  • late to class
  • inappropriate behaviors in class interfere with opportunities to learn the content

Behavioral Difficulties Associated with EBD

  • Aggressive or anti-social behaviour
  • Inattentiveness, distractibility, impulsivity
  • Impaired social interaction
  • A general inability to cope with the routine of daily tasks
  • Obsessive and repetitive behaviours
  • Attention-seeking behaviour, such as negative interactions or a poor attitude towards work, peers or teachers
  • Depressed behaviour, such as withdrawal, self-injurious behaviour or eating disorders

Some Specific Examples of differentiation strategies and accommodations

-Sit them at the front of the room, away from doors, windows, and other distractions
- Always give students a copy of written instructions, maybe highlighting key points
- Break tasks into smaller parts
-Give them passes to move around a few times during the class period
-Break an assignment into four parts and have them do each part in a different area of the room
- Allow them to use computers for as many assignments as possible
-Break assessments into smaller chunks
- Give them extra time to complete assignments and assessments

Accommodations and Modifications