Caleb Cha 721


There are some bad things happening in Niger and a question I have is how have the citizens been living through this crisis for this whole time? Some stuff that are happening are desertification, droughts, floods and other problems, all have been occurring in Niger but the citizens are still living through this and I have been wondering if there has been much progress since then.
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How are Niger citizens dealing with this crisis, and have there been improvements since before?

Own Thinking:

I think that citizens of Niger are still living up to this day because of donations from other countries as well as food, shelter and first aid from other countries and help from foreign aid agencies. Some other possibilities are that Niger can sometimes get lucky with rain and at times when they most need it rain might come down helping them grow and produce crops.

Negative Sides/How I feel:

Citizens of Niger are very unlucky to have been either born or are living in Niger. I think so because there are many reasons Niger is not a place I would want to live in. There is much desertification happening all over Niger, there are many droughts, people can not get proper meals and have to sell their own animals to get a few meals. I feel bad for the civilians of Niger because they have been going at it through out this time and are still going on, they have to go through this everyday unlike the people in Canada who get it easy most of the time.


Niger is mostly covered by deserts, sand dunes, uplands and hills. The Sahel and Sahara deserts mainly cover up the country of Niger. There are a few rivers and lakes. The largest river is the Nile River then the Congo River and the third largest river is the Niger River.
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I think that it is a downside for the citizens because it is covered by desert but it is good that there are some forests and trees. It is also good for the civilians because the rivers that run through the deserts as well as the oasis' that are spread out through the desert give them a decent supply of water.


The climate in Niger is extremely hot and is also known as the Frying Pan of The World. It is extremely hot and sometimes evaporates rain drops before they reach the ground. Rainfall is greater in the south and barely reaches the ground in the north. The rainy season goes from May to October usually raining in July and August. During November to February the temperature is cool during the night making it below 20 degrees Celsius.
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I think that this is also a downside for the citizens because if they want to get work done during the day it might be too hot, also since rain barely reaches the ground, citizens living in the north will have a harsher time. But during the night it is cool which is good because if it was hot all day and night it would be too harsh and irritating as well. It is good that it has a chance of raining for half of the year because if it didn’t rain for the whole year it would stop the farming and vegetation and make it much harder to live.


Since Niger is covered mostly by the Sahara and Sahel deserts there isn't much vegetation but the flora and fauna that lives there have adapted to the desert terrain such as prickly grass and acacia trees. Many parts of Niger have been depleted of their wildlife because of poachers and hunters. Hunting was banned in the country in order to save animals such as lions, hippos and giraffes. The main source of water for the civilians are wells but the Niger River is also important because it runs through countries.
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There is a downside and a good side to the vegetation in Niger, some downsides are that many plants are going away leaving not much left in Niger. The animals are also very endangered due to poaching and hunting which is bad because citizens want to keep as much wildlife as they can. The good part is that many people are trying to help save endangered animals and also now that hunting is banned from Niger there will be less endangered animals. Also since water is running through many countries and most countries have wells to retrieve water from, water is a reliable resource. The downside is that the water from lakes and rivers in Niger are drying up and are much smaller than what they used to be years ago.

Rivers and Oceans:

Niger has many rivers that flow through countries and supply civilians with water, like the Congo, the Niger and the Nile river. There are not many oceans near it but it is fairly close to the Atlantic Ocean which is to it's left and the Indian Ocean which is further to it's right.
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It is good that Niger has many Rivers flowing through the countries and that the rivers are big and can supply many people. The bad side is that it is not close to many Oceans unlike countries like Kenya who is very close to the Indian Ocean or Angola who is close to the Atlantic Ocean.
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This is chart of the climate in Niger. It shows that during May to September the rainfall is higher than the other months. It also shows that the temperature is highest during April to June. It also shows that rainfall and temperature is lowest during the winter months (November to Februrary).
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The map above is a map of Niger showing where it is located on the map. On this particular map it shows the countries surrounding Niger and it also shows that Niger is in the middle of Northwest Africa.
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Above is a map of Niger and other countries in Africa showing wheat biome each of the countries are located in. (desert, grassland, forest semi desert etc) This particular map shows that the north of Niger is mainly desert, the middle is mainly semi desert and the south part is mainly grass, thickets, bushes and savannahs.
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The map above is a map of Niger's landforms, it shows the rivers, lakes, deserts and the other landforms located in Niger.

Contact Questions

Who I contacted: Global Affairs Canada


Have you ever been to Niger to help?

If you have, what ways have you tried to help Niger and when was the last time you went?

If you haven't, what ways do you think you can do to help it become more developed?

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This is a screenshot of when I sent an email to a foreign aid agency called Global Affairs Canada, they didn't have an email but did have a website to send comments and questions.


Dear Caleb Cha,

Thank you for your message to Global Affairs Canada. Here is a link of projects funded by Global Affairs Canada in Niger, please contact the executing agencies directly there will be able to help you with your inquiry.

Niger – International Development Projects

Ex.: CARE Canada: Email:

CECI - Centre for International Studies and Cooperation: Email:

MSF - Doctors without Borders : Email:



Enquiries Service | Service des renseignements | Public Affairs Bureau | Direction générale des affaires publiques |Global Affairs Canada |Affaires mondiales Canada | Government of Canada | Gouvernement du Canada


In conclusion I think that Niger is slowly becoming more developed. I think this because the response that I got back showed me a link where it showed all the projects that agency has been doing to help Niger and there were a lot from 2001 all the way to 2011. Since this is only 1 of all the agencies that support Africa and Niger specifically, I think that there would be many more projects to support it. There are chances that there are some agencies working towards helping Niger become more developed even right now. I feel bad for Niger and it's citizens because of natural events like floods and droughts as well as their human development.

Here is a summary of my Geography Inquiry. My country for this geography Inquiry is called Niger. Niger has been listed as the lowest ranked in the National Human Development Index for 2014 and many years before that. Many horrible things have been happening to it such as floods, droughts, desertification and many other events. Niger is mostly covered by deserts such as the Sahara and Sahel Desert as well as sand dunes, uplands and hills. There are also a few rivers like the Nile, Niger River and the Congo River as well as the few lakes spread around. Niger is known as the Frying Pan of the World because of it's overwhelming heat. It sometimes evaporates raindrops before they even reach the ground. Rainfall is greater in the south part and barely reaches the ground in the north. There isn't much vegetation because of the country being mainly made up of the desert. Hunting was banned because of all the poaching of the few left animals left on Niger. The main source for water would be the three rivers.