What Will Canada Be like In 2035

About Population, Climate, Livable communites and resources

Intoduction

The main purpose of this assignment is to tell if Canada will be the best country to live in when it is 2035. Our Changing population, climate, resources and industries, and liveable communities will effect our life in 2035.
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Our Population in 2035

Canada's population will get older because there will be a lower death rate and we will be able to find new cures to sicknesses that we did not have before. the birth rate by 2035 will also be low but higher then the death rate because some families may not have enough money to support more then 1 child. also there is no reason to have 3-6 kids like before so most families settle for 1 or 2 kids. there is also birth control methods. For this population pattern Canada is on stage 4 of the demographic transition model. Canada is considered the land of immigrants because 97% of our population are immigrants or descendents of immigrants. Mainly skilled workers will be coming to Canada because we need more of them and some of them may have already arranged a job to work in Canada by the Canadian Government. Most reserved jobs for immigrants are doctors or engineers because Canada needs more people in that job category and it takes a long time to be a doctor for someone who wants to be a doctor when they grow up. the 3 types of immigrants that come to Canada are refugees, business class, and family class. refugees may come to Canada in the future if there is war or civil war in their home country to seek safety. People in the Family class will probably come to Canada in order to get a job, to have a better quality of life or to get a better education for their children. Not many people in the business class will come to Canada over the years because it may be to hard for them to work and most people rather go to America than Canada if they have a business they can work with. there are also push, pull and intervening obstacles that may get in the way of immigrating to Canada.

Our First Nations Metis Inuit Population

The Canadian Government has tried to isolate the FNMI families and hope that they would end up like any other ordinary Canadian Family. 70% of the FNMI population are 25 years or younger. In 2011 the First Nations population was at 1400 685. 61% of that population are first nations people, 32% are Metis people, 4% are Inuit, and 3% are Aboriginal people. Today most First Nations people live in Ontario and the western provinces. Right now First Nations people are going through there own baby boom with a good amount of their population under 25 years. The life expectancy for First Nations people are lower compared to the regular population because in 2011 only 5.1% of the First nations people are 65 years or older and 14.2% of our regular population is 65 years or older. By 2035 i feel the First Nations population will be treated Fairly because there are people who are trying to stand up to the Canadian government like Wab Kinew.
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Canada's climate, climate factors, and physical features

The soil in Canada is made of 45% minerals, 5% bacteria, and organic materials, 25% air, and 25% moisture. The Canadian shield include most of Quebec, most of Ontario, some parts of Manitoba, Newfoundland Nunavut and North West territories. This area experiences long ice ages up north and warm periods in the spring and summer close to the south. The Canadian shield only has igneous metamorphic rocks. Some resources in this area are: gold, lumber, and lead. The western Cordillera region includes all of British Columbia, Yukon territories, and a small part of Alberta and North West territories. This region includes big mountains with it being cold at the top of the mountains, warm air currents near the coast of British Columbia. This area also experiences lots of precipitation. All 3 rock types are found in this area. Iron, lead, zinc, silver, copper, and nickel are some resources found in this area.

How will climate change effect our country and climate?

Our food supply will be altered with climate change effecting farm areas. more flu's and sicknesses will be discovered and infectious diseases will spread more quickly like malaria. younger kids will have a greater chance of getting asthma. Coastal communities may have to move somewhere else with higher elevation because the sea level will rise due to glaciers melting. There will be a increase of severe weather with dry areas getting less precipitation and wet area getting more precipitation. animals will start to die off and the greenhouse effect will end up getting too hot. Find new ways to put less CO2 in the air and adapt to new climate. build fuel efficient cars and hybrid and electric cars. since we burn fossil fuels we spread nitrogen and because of this trees will put out less oxygen. Be more sustainable with the forest industry by not cutting down entire forests. if we put more windows in houses it will provide more heat so we don't have to use a lot of electronic heating. In the future we will use more renewable resources because it does not create pollution. Climate change will make Canada hotter in some winters so it will be harder to play winter sports such as hockey and skiing.

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Canada's Global Connections

Right now Canada's top 5 trading partners are: America with 74.5%, China with 4.3%, UK with 4.1%, Japan with 2.3%, and Mexico with 1.2%. by 2035 that list is expected to be the same so we should be trading with the same counties over the years. We mainly export Mineral fuels and oil, vehicles and parts and mechanical machinery and equipment. Canada is currently in a trade deficit but that might change by 2035 because we will have resources that not many other counties will have by 2035 like lumber, oil, and freshwater. Canada's domestic energy demand is set to grow at a slower pace compared of what we have expected. Mexico, China, Korea, India, Brazil, Indonesia, and Turkey will be the fastest growing markets for Canadian exports by 2035. Exports to America have gone down because America has some resources that we already have. so now Canada can Trade more with Asian countries because they don't have all the resources we have. Making a planned pipeline with a country other than the U.S will grow our economy and will make Canada a global exporter of oil instead of just focusing on exporting oil the U.S. By 2035 our export rate is estimated to be 5.1% and our import rate at 3.1%. The rate of which America economy grows will effect Canada because we trade most with America. Mining, oil and natural gas industry's are expanding in the west. Alberta has the highest economic growth out of all the provinces and economic growth in Atlantic Canada is declining because of the small population growth and less offshore oil and natural gas production in the future. by 2035 the GDP growth rate is expected to be 2%
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Our resources and how to be sustainable

The forest industry is a very important industry today and will be even more important in the future. This is true because trees produces pulp, paper, lumber, and maple syrup. Canada is the 2nd largest producer of pulp after America and 66% of our forests produces softwood and hardwood with 12%. Before we used to clear cut forests which would disturb animals habitats and with less trees there is less air. To be more sustainable in the forest industry we must only cut some trees in a forest or cut mature trees that will provide more compared to other trees. this way we do not disturb animal habitats and they can still live in the forests. we can also replant trees after we cut them down so this way even if you do clear cut a forest the forest will grow back one day. This industry will be important in the future because some countries that are smaller and have a big population may not have enough space to plant trees and a country like Russia with most of its land being above the permafrost line cant grow trees. Wood products are 8th in Canada out of all export commodities.

Another important industry to Canada is the mining industry. The mining industry provides a lot of minerals. This industry is important right now and will be even more important in the future because it produces fossil fuels and fossil fuels provided the most energy in the last 20 years. Fossil fuels are also 3rd in production of minerals. In 2001 we exported 80% of our mining production and made $83 billion. This shows even if we export less then 80% of our production we will still make a big profit. It also shows Many counties want fossil fuels because we exported 80% of our production. Minerals are ranked first out of all out of Canada's top 10 export commodities. there are also many negatives to the industry. While mining there is a chance of acid rain, we form sink holes when we mine, and we contaminate our soil and water when we mine. To be more sustainable with this industry we can Adjust to the international competition, explore Canada for more mineral deposits, and do more processing and manufacturing
in Canada to make the price of minerals higher. Freshwater and oil will also be important because 97% of out oil goes to America and as the years pass other counties may pollute their fresh water while we still have a good amount.

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Issues Canadian Cites is Facing and urban sprawl

One big issue Canadian cites are facing is urban sprawl and it pretty much means the expansion of urban areas without our control. Urban sprawl is affecting us because we all want to live near big urban centers like Toronto. Over 80% of the Canadian population lives in urban locations. As cities grow urban sprawl will also happen and it will affect our quality of life because it will get to crowded, homes will be smaller and cost more because more and more people want a house near an urban city. Commute times to get to work will be longer because most people in urban areas have a car and need to get to work almost every day. Commute times are the longest in the rush hour and the roads are smaller because in the city buildings are bunched up with each other and there may not be enough space to expand roads. Construction work also gets in the way and will make detours and block certain roads which may expand your commute time. Urban sprawl may expand the city but it still cuts into farm land and other locations that are precious green spaces. This is all happening because everyone wants to live in an urban center like Toronto or downtown Mississauga. Everything in a big urban area like Toronto will have higher prices because there are too many people to serve. With mostly everyone having a car in an urban area we produce lots of carbon emissions which will influence climate change.

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How cities will be more sustainable and how do we deal with urban sprawl

We can do lots of small thing to chip in to stop urban sprawl. We could locate ourselves so were not too close to a big urban center so its a 30 minute ride to get to work or school. if you live close enough to work then you should consider walking or biking to work but if you live to far and need a ride you could carpool with co-workers or friends or just take the public bus or subway. try not to rely on your car too much and decide to take the public transit, bike or walk to your location. you could also get more involved with your city by contacting your local city planning department and tell them about your concerns about the city and some suggestions of what you think should be done. The Ontario government can think twice before deciding on whether or not we should actually build something in farm land or green spaces and ask themselves do we really need this here? In order to be more sustainable we must use renewable resources and force ourselves to not use non renewable resources because we will end up spreading more pollution ,and create less carbon emissions. this also means to use hybrid and electric cars. All Canadian cities should make try to stop climate change as their first priority. find new ways to dispose of all the garbage in a city,and try to make a use out of it instead of just throwing it out in landfills.

Conclusion

i believe Canada will be the best place to live by 2035 because we have plans to deal with climate change. i feel the Canadian government will help the first nations population and forgive them. Also we can all chip in to stop urban sprawl and we have good trading partners and very valuable resources that will be very important towards other countries