Canada

Mari usque ad mare (From sea to sea)

Introduction

Canada is located in North America and is directly north of the United States and southwest of Greenland. Ottawa, Canada's capital is 45 degrees and 24 minutes North of the equator and 75 degrees and 41 minutes west of the Prime Meridian.
Big image

Seasons

Canada experiences all of the seasons: spring, summer, autumn, and winter. Canada is located farther north of the equator, which allows it to experience the seasonal changes as the Earth orbits the sun. As the Earth tilts towards the sun, it is summer for Canada. As the Earth tilts away from the sun, it is winter for Canada.

Canada's Landforms

Victoria Island

Victoria Island is an island in the northern region of Canada. It was made by natural plate movement on Earth, and shaped by ice and glaciers afterwards.

Lake Winnipeg

Lake Winnipeg is a lake located in Manitoba, Canada. It was formed by the multiple rivers that flowed into its area.

Canadian Rockies

The Canadian Rockies is the group of Rockies mountains that is on Canadian soil. It was formed by natural plate movement, specifically the meeting of two plates, on Earth.

Avalon Peninsula

The Avalon Peninsula is an area of land that is connected by land on one side and surrounded by water on the rest of the sides. It was formed by volcano eruptions and plate movement.

The Great Bear Lake

The Great Bear Lake is a lake in the Northwest Territories of Canada. It was formed by glacial movement and the carving of land.

Yukon River

The Yukon River is a river that travels through Yukon territory, Canada. It was formed by the melting of ice, glaciers, etc.

Interior Plateau

The Interior Plateau is located west of the Canadian Rockies. It was formed by converging plate movement which also created the neighboring Rockies.

Strait of Georgia

The Strait of Georgia is on the southwestern side of Canada, near Vancouver. It was formed by natural wearing and tearing of rocks and their settling elsewhere.

The Labrador Sea

The Labrador Sea is a body of water between Canada and Greenland. It was formed when Greenland and Canada separated due to plate movement.

Howe-Sound Fjord

Howe-Sound Fjord is part of the Strait of Georgia in the Southwestern region of Canada. It was formed by the water from the Strait of Georgia wearing and tearing the land.

Climates in Canada

Canada is characterized by the cold and wet climate, because it is closer to the poles and is surrounded by bodies of water. Canada generally has colder and earlier occurring spring and summer, while winters are long and cold. The bodies of water surrounding Canada keeps Canada wet by giving it lots of rain and snow.

Biomes in Canada

Canada has the temperate deciduous forest, tundra, and coniferous forest biomes. Canada's location near the pole gives it a cold climate characterized by the tundra. There are many pine trees and other conifers (trees with cones), which is the coniferous forest biome. The temperate deciduous forest biome allows Canada to have its famous maple trees.

Natural Disasters in Canada

Earthquakes, tornadoes and avalanches occur in Canada. Canada is on one of Earth's natural cracks, creating many earthquakes on the western side of Canada. Tornadoes occur when different winds of varying temperatures mix. The cold Canadian winds and warm U.S. winds create tornadoes near the border. Avalanches are made because there is a lot of snow and mountains. Earthquakes, formed by natural plate movement, create movement, causing the avalanches.


Bibliography

"Map of Canada, Canada Map, Map Canada, Canadian Map - Worldatlas.com." World

Atlas Atlas of the World including Geography Facts, Maps, Flags - worldatlas.com. World Atlas, n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013. <http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys


NASA's Earth Observatory. "Biomes." Biomes. WGBH Educational Foundation, n.d.

Web. 26 Apr. 2013. <www.teachersdomain.org/asset/ess05_int_biomemap/ >.


"Canada - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Wikipedia, 25 Apr. 2013. Web. 26 Apr. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada>.


Williams, Paige. "It's not doomsday — but it is winter - Technology & science - Science

| NBC News." Breaking News & Top Stories - World News, US & Local | NBC News. NBC, 19 Mar. 2013. Web. 26 Apr. 2013. <http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3077384/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/learn-scientific-reasons-behind-earths-seasons/>.


"Natural Disasters & Weather -- National Geographic." Environment Facts,

Environment Science, Global Warming, Natural Disasters, Ecosystems, Green Living - National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013. <http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/natural-disasters/?source=NavEnvND>.


"Climate Controls." Climate Controls. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.

<cwx.prenhall.com/bookbind/pubbooks/lutgens3


Hope you enjoyed your tour of our neighbors to the north, Canada!