Preventive Care

Reproductive Health

Mammograms

A mammogram is a x-ray of a woman's breasts, it's used to check and make sure that the woman doesn't have breast cancer. There are two types of mammograms, a screening mammogram is normally two x-ray pictures of the breasts: this detects any tumors that cannot be felt, the second kind is called a diagnostic mammogram this is used when a lump, swelling or any other sign of breast cancer is found. Most woman start getting regular mammograms(every 1 to 2 years) at the age of 50. If you are at high risk some people go between the ages of 40-45 and then wait tell they're 50 to get another one, but in any case that you have a lump or any other symptoms you should go get a mammogram immediately. Currently doctors don't know the exact cause of breast cancer but they do know it's from a damaged DNA cell. There is no real way to prevent breast cancer but you can do things to lower the risks like being physically active, watching your body weight, taking medications to lower the risks and talking to a doctor about genetic mutations in your genes that can increase your chance of getting breast cancer.
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Pap Smears

A pap smear is a test that doctors do to see if anything is wrong with a girls cervix. They can tell if there is any unusual cells or infections. Most teen girls don't need pap smears unless recommended by a doctor. When you turn 21 you should start having pap smears regularly(every 3 years). If your cervix has an infection some common causes are sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea or chlamydia, allergies, irritation from tampons, or cancer. There is no real way to prevent it but you can reduce your chance of getting infection by restraining from sex, using a condom when having sex, and not using chemical solutions like scented tampons.
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Testicular Exams

Testicular exams are something males can do to themselves to make sure they don't have any unusual lumps or lumps in their testicle which is the first sign of testicular cancer. Risk factors of testicular cancer are family history, cancer in the opposite testicle, injury to the testicle or HIV infection. Testicular cancer is rare but mostly found in men younger than 35. You should get or give yourself testicular exams at least once a month. There is no way to prevent testicular cancer but if you give yourself examinations regularly then you can catch it earlier and get rid of it faster.
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Prostate Exam

A prostate exam is a screening that men get when they reach the age of 45 every 4 years and it tells you if you have prostate cancer. Prostate is a gland that sits below the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum. Researches don't know exactly the cause of prostate cancer but they know on some level that it is cause by a damaged prostate cell. There is no real way to prevent prostate cancer but you can do things to lower the risks like eating healthy and maintaining a healthy weight.
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