Attention people with Diabetes
RWJ Hospital needs you!
What is Stem Cell Therapy?
Stem cell therapy is Stem cells are an undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism that is capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells of the same type, and from which certain other kinds of cell arise by differentiation. In other words, stem cells are cells that are unspecialized and can be used as any needed cell, so it can basically help make other cells stronger and more efficient.
There are two different types of stem cells; embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cells come from embryos that are three to five days old. At this stage, an embryo is called a blastocyst and has about 150 cells. These are pluripotent (ploo-RIP-uh-tunt) stem cells, meaning they can divide into more stem cells or can become any type of cell in the body. Adult stem cells are found in small numbers in most adult tissues, such as bone marrow or fat.
The current stem cell used to treat diseases are Somatic Stem Cells. Somatic Stem Cells are the blood forming stem cells in bone-marrow. Doctors have been transferring HSC's in bone marrow transplants for over 40 years. More advanced techniques for collecting HSC's are now used in order to treat leukemia, lymphoma and several inherited blood disorders. The clinical potential of somatic stem cells has also been demonstrated in the treatment of other human diseases that include diabetes and advanced kidney cancer. However, these stem cell therapy studies currently involve a very limited number of patients, which is why we are asking you for help.