New Harmony

Utopian Society

Origins

Robert Owen was born on May 14th, 1771 in Newtown, Wales. He was the sixth of seven children born from the saddle maker and ironmonger. At the age of 10 he was working in the textile industry. When he was 21 he was a mill manager in Manchester. Robert was elected as a member of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society in 1793. He was also a committee member of the Manchester Board of Health which was established to help advocate working conditions and health of factory workers.


New Harmony is a utopia created by Robert Owen in New Harmony, Indiana in 1836. Owen created the utopia because he was trying to improve the health, education, and the well-being of the working class in America. He bought the land from Rappites for $135,000 and offered people to apply to become one of the members. Robert believed in equality for all of the people that lived in New Harmony, male and female. Instead of putting the children to work he established the first infant school and placed the children in school.


New Harmony was created in 1825 and was dissolved in 1929. New Harmony only lasted 4 years because it was becoming over crowded, fights, and arguments within the people. Also. it did not have a strong central government to influence and guide the people. When Owen realized his society was failing he gave the estate to his sons and moved back to Britain. Robert lost more than half of his fortune in New Harmony,



Robert Owen: New Harmony

Major Beliefs

New Harmony was not based off a form of religion. In fact, no religion was created or worshiped public ally. He formed the society on social equality and education rather than religion. He believed if religion wasn't a factor in his society it would become the perfect place to live and more people would live there.


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Important Leaders

Important leader in the New Harmony society were Robert Owen. Owen established New Harmony as a place where people can live and work without any religious tension and child work force. Without any religious tension the people lived a decent life.