The Cultural Revolution

Movement of the People's Republic of China-1966

End to Dynasties

  • Two thousand years of imperial rule comes to an end with the removal of the emperor in the Xinhai Revolution.
  • The revolutionists where defeated by Communist parties, who became the People’s Republic of China on October 1, 1949.
  • New socialist state, the working class as leaders of a people's democratic dictatorship.
  • Under Mao Zedong , chairman of the Chinese Communist Party.
  • 1966 Cultural Revolution, Mao attempting to capture the glory days of the Revolution, to fire up the masses.

Revolutionary (Before)

  • Revolution to overturn the old order
  • Promised equal rights for women, land disruption, rent reduction, and increase heavy industry.
  • China using Soviet models to create a more industrialized state.
  • Five year plan, mirror to the project created by Stalin, fueled by China's industrialized state helped to catch up China with the rest of the industrialized world.
  • The first five year plan worked, population increase, then Mao introduced the Great Leap Forward.
  • Attempted steel production.
  • The cultural revolution targeted schoolchildren, who were organized into red guards to remove the old fours

The Old Fours: Customs, Culture, Habits, and Ideas


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"1966: China’s Cultural Revolution." Columbia Journalism School Centennial. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 June 2016.

"Living Revolution | Red Guards." Living Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 May 2016.


Cultural Revolution. Digital image. Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web.

"Redirect Notice." Redirect Notice. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2016.

Global History Context-Change