FACTORIES DURING THE 19TH CENTURY

LAUREN-MARIE LAWRENCE, TANJANEE ROBERSON, TYRONE PRYOR

WORK CONDITIONS

Children worked in the factories.
The factories were not safe for the employees. Sometimes children were crushed by the machinery, lost fingers or limbs or lost their hair after getting it tangled in machinery. In order to save money many employers hired women and children to work in factories because these workers would work for lower wages than men.

PAY & HOURS

When factories were in full operation, a 50- to 55-hour work week was normal. Mondays through Fridays were 9- to 10-hour working days with a half-day on Saturdays. The 40-hour work week with overtime pay was not introduced until the 1940's. A 1917 statistic for the same factory shows that the average yearly wage for the lowest pay-rated male was $526, well above the U.S. poverty level at the time.