Rwanda Genocide

By: Kirsten and Caleb

Rwanda Genocide?

The Rwanda Genocide is a dark spot in Africas history. In this 1994 genocide, more than eight hundred thousand people were slaughtered and more than two millon refugees left Rwanda(Cohen). During this tragic time photographs were taken to show the pain and suffering the Tutsi people went through at the hands of the Hutus. Many relate this event to the holocaust for its tragic violence and death rate(Cohen).

Who are the Rwanda People?

"Ninety percent of the people are Hutu while around ten percent are Tutsi"(Chege). They share a common language and culture. Most Rwandans are farmers which grow bananas, beans, cassava, and sweet potatos(Chege). They produce just enough crops to feed their families and sell in the market.Their main religion is Roman Catholic at fiftey percent, while Protestants make up forty five percent and Muslims make up five percent(Chege). While Roman Catholic makes up the majority, the Protestant belief is prevalent throughout the country.Public Education is free and required for ages seven to fifteen. Although they require this education, most of the adult population can't read(Chege).

Causes

Political unrest was caused the death of Mwambi Mutara III, their king, in which the Hutu people rebelled againest the Tutsi. Fighting between this two caused one hundred and fifty thousand deaths. Tutsi suffered the most deaths in these skirmishes over the years. Around two hundred thousand fled to Brurundi and neighboring countries. Elections in 1960 gave Hutu control of the goverment which led to attacks by the Tutsi which lived in exile. The Zairean goverment and Hutu extremist joined forces in 1994-1996 in attacking Tutsi while Rwanda forces attacked refugee camps.

Effects

The Rwanda people would grow up scarred from their childhood. They would be extremely tramatized from watching their parents be murdered and brutally beat right in front of them. Mental issues have become prominate due to the extreme tragedy caused by this event. Orphans increased dramatically, and most were unable to afford simple school fees. The eldest children in the family had to work and provide for their siblings. The work was so rough that many of these young children slipped into a state of depression. Most of the wealthy Rwandan people would become poor, and wives would become widows. During the "war", rape become very common, thus this brought about the issue of AIDS.

Solutions

Obivously this was twenty years ago and is not occuring any longer. Both reached an agreement and ceased fighting. There are many ways this can be prevented in the future. One being, create a better secured voting process. It was implied through out our research that the voting process was corrupt, causing an uproar in society.

Conclusion

The Rwandan Genocide was indeed a traggic, and dark period in Rwandan history. It took people of all races throughout the entire country and caused devastating side effects to all people on all sides. Throughout this period in history it was a constant battle between extreamist on both sides fighting for power. There are still effects of this dark time that have caused things that we still see today. However, now the fighting between the Tutsi and the Hutu people have come to a stop and the country is now united once again.

Sources

Author Anonymous. Title of article “Effects of the 1994 Genocide”. Title of website

http://effectofthegenocide.blogspot.com/. Update Date Feb. 18, 2007. Web Access date March 6, 2014

Author Cohen, David Elliot. Title What Matters. City,State. New York, New York.

Publisher Sterling Publishing Company. Year. 2008 Print.