The Founding of the 13 Colonies

The Three Regions

Each colony had its own unique characteristics, but historians lump them into groups based on where they were, why they were founded, and what kinds of industry they had. They were The New England Colonies, The Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies.


New England Colonies

The New England Colonies consisted of Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts. Connecticut was founded by Thomas Hooker in 1636. Massachusetts was founded by John Winthrop in 1629. New Hampshire was founded by john Mason in 1775. Rhode Island was founded by Roger Williams in 1636. These four colonies were founded for the spread of religion. There was much wildlife and a river that flows through the middle of Connecticut. There is lots of Granite in New Hampshire and in Rhode Island there is rare type of rock called Cumberlandito. Religion depended on where they lived because there were people that believed and didn't believe so the people that don't believe didn't live in the towns with churches. In the seventeenth century, the New England Colonists had a thriving economy. They had a shipbuilding system and a mercantile network. They also made profit from their trading with New England. Pilgrims came to the New World to build the community they believed god was intended for them. They planned to settle in Virginia near Jamestown, but wound up way north in Plymouth.


Middle Colonies

The Middle Colonies consisted of Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. Delaware was founded by Peter Minvit in 1638. Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn in 1682. New York was founded by Peter Minvit in 1626. New Jersey was founded by the English Colonists in 1664. These four colonies were founded because of the search of land. Tiny Delaware, the second smallest state, is only 100 miles long and 30 miles wide. 535 square miles of Delaware are covered by water. 1955 square miles of Delaware are land areas. Pennsylvania is 283 miles long, from east to west, and 160 miles wide at its most distant points. Pennsylvania covers 46,058 square miles making it the 33rd largest of the 50 states. Lake Erie is a big lake in Pennsylvania. New York is 330 miles long. 48,708 square miles of New York are land areas. Hudson River, Mohawk River, and the Genesee is the major rivers in New York. New Jersey is about 150 miles long and 70 miles wide. 7,419 square miles of New Jersey are land areas. Lake Hopatcong is a major lake in New Jersey.


Southern Colonies

The Southern Colonies Consist of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. Maryland was founded by Lord Baltimore in 1633. Virginia was founded by John Smith in 1607. North Carolina was founded by Virginia Colonists in 1653. South Carolina was founded by English Colonists in 1663. Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe in 1732. These five states were founded in the search for land. Maryland is the 42nd largest of the 50 states. The state covers 12,407 square miles. Virginia is the 35th largest state. It covers 42,769 square miles. North Carolina is the 28th largest state in the U.S.
It covers an area of 53,821 square miles. South Carolina is 3560 feet above sea level and borders North Carolina and Georgia. Georgia has 57,919 square miles of land and 1522 square miles of water. Church services depended on where they lived. Mixtures of baptists and Anglicans. These states were mostly agricultural. The main feature was the plantations. In 1616, the King orders the bishop of London to collect money for a college. The money was delivered to Governor Yardly in 1618. Then London sends 100 children to be schooled and 500 pounds for their up keep. They were not real universities and they were to be moved of a place for basic skills and knowledge.