Rabies

Madison Shropshire

Description:

Rabies is a contagious and fatal viral disease of dogs and other mammals that causes madness and convulsions and it is transmissible through the saliva to humans.

Diagnosis:

It takes several tests to determine if a person has rabies; no single test is sufficient. These tests include taking samples of saliva, serum, spinal fluid, and skin biopsies.

How Is Rabies Transmitted:

Rabies is transmitted through the saliva of infected animals. Animals with rabies can spread the disease by biting another animal or a person. Although rare, in some cases rabies can be spread when the infected animal's saliva gets into an open wound or in the mouth or eyes.

Relative Frequency:

In the U.S. it is very rare for a human to get rabies; there are only one or two human cases of rabies per year.

Disease Course:

If a person has rabies and comes to the point where they begin to show signs, there is no way to cure the disease. Medications can extend life, but the disease will eventually end in death. If someone has been exposed to rabies, then they need to go to the doctor so they can stop the disease from developing.

Possible Complications:

Possible complications that can be caused by rabies include: brain infection, cardiac failure, respiratory failure, death, and coma.

Target Audience:

The target audience is the public, the public health department, hospitals, ect.

Treatment:

There is no specific treatment for rabies, but if someone believes that they have been exposed to rabies they need to get a series of shots to prevent the infection.