What do dietary guidelines do for americans?
- A health risk is the likelihood of developing health problems.
- A diet is an eating plan.
Getting enough nutrients within your calories needed.
- Four factors that determine calorie needs is your age, gender, activity level, and whether you are trying to gain or lose weight.
- Nutrient dense foods are foods high in nutrients and low in calories.
How to maintain a healthy weight.
- A risk factor is a condition that increases your chances of developing a problem.
- Health problems related to too much body fat would be; diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, some cancers, and arthritis.
- An underweight person does not have enough body fat as an energy reserve.
- Increasing physical activity and decreases in food and beverage calories can help you lose weight.
Suggestions for being physically active every day.
- Active living helps you control your weight and increase your endurance and flexibility.
- Teens should get 60 minutes or more of physical activity daily.
- To build physical activities into your daily routine you could get involved in a team or individual sport. You could also use stairs more often than elevators.
Importance of whole grains fruits and vegetables.
- These foods are nutrient rich, cholesterol fee, and naturally low in fats and calories.
- They help protect against heart disease and cancer.
- To include these foods in your diet; eat fruit instead of sugary desserts, eat dry beans or peas, drink fruit or vegetable juice with your meals as a snack.
How to limit fats and cholesterol.
- Saturated fats and trans fats help raise cholesterol.
- Too much fat in your diet can result in heart disease.
- Some guidelines would be; keep saturated fats to less than 10% of your calories, and choose fewer solid fats, such as butter or margarine.
Be choosy about carbohydrates.
- Natural sugars are usually found on fruits and milk.
- Added sugars are often found in candies, and soft drinks which are high in calories and low in vitamins.
- Sugars promote tooth decay.
Why reduce sodium and increase potassium?
- Sodium helps control body fluids.
- Too much sodium can result in high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke.
- Potassium helps counteract sodium's effects on blood pressure.
- Drinking can influence your judgement, which can lead to accidents and injuries.
- Drinking increases the chance of violence, emotional problems and dependency.
- Alcohol has calories, but no nutrients.
Why is food safety an important part of dietary guidelines?
- When food is not correctly handled, stored and prepared it can cause foodborne illness.