Canadian SMORE

Environmental issues in Canada:

A few environmental issues in Canada are acid rain, the pollution of the great Lakes,mining, and the timber industry's impact on the forests in Canada.Canada's acid rain is caused by things,such as coal burning factories and vehicles like cars or trucks.High levels of acid rain can damage or kill trees and possibly animals like fish. These factors also effect the Great Lakes. This is because the water in the clouds gets mixed with the chemicals coming out from the factories and the clouds eventually precipitate those chemicals ,which is acid rain.About half or three fourths of Canada's pollution comes from the U.S. leaving southern Canada experiencing the most acid rain in the country.The Canadian government has done several things to reduce the pollution. These things include building factories that don't pollute the air,passing laws that require cars to produce less pollution, and encouraging people to walk or ride bikes.

The Canadian shield, a large part of Canada and is very important to Canada's economy, has another environmental issue in Canada, which is the over extraction and overuse of natural resources.This is because the mining and blasting of the land leaves has damaged and ruined the land around the mines and hurts the environment. Mining processes leave chemicals in the air,which also causes acid rain. Canada's government has reduced the amount of mining allowed in the shield and raw materials exported.

Canada is leading producer of timber products due to it being covered with many forests. This hurts the environment because of many reasons. One reason is the heavy machinery used to cut down the trees leaves the ground compacted.citizens are also concerned that logging is destroying the forest. Logging is destroying the forest by killing animals habitats and causing erosion. Canada's government and industry have found a solution to this problem by planting seedlings and paying for the managing and protecting of the forest.

Big image

Quebec's Independence Movement:

Quebec is located in eastern Canada and is important to Canadian industry. Most of Quebec speak French as their first language. This made people in Quebec want to secede from Canada because families who spoke French had a different culture than Canadian families who spoke English. When the idea of a separate Quebec first spread around the people of Quebec did not think they needed independence. By the 1960's this changed,many French-Canadians had became Quebec nationalist and called themselves Quebecois instead of Canadians. Soon Quebec's population grew and it no longer led a traditional lifestyle. English was spoken in most cities rather than French. Many French-Canadians were tired of feeling like second-class citizens in their own country and felt their culture might disappear. These reasons are why many French-Canadians became separatists. Separatists are people who want Quebec to separate or secede from Canada. If Quebec does separate from Canada the French language and culture will be protected, respected, and preserved for future generations. Another gain is that French-Canadians would be treated as equals with English-Canadians. Seceding Canada will also have disadvantages. The disadvantages of separatism is possible economic disaster and could ruin national unity and pride.

From 1980 to 1995 the people voted whether or not to stay in Quebec. The last vote's percentages were very close, but 50.6% voted to stay and only 49.4% voted to secede. Right now Canada does not want Quebec to secede because Quebec is rich in natural resources and has access to many waterways. The Canadian government has made a few reforms to keep the separatists happy. These reforms include passing laws to help preserve their language and culture and the Constitution Act in 1982 making the country bilingual. Today French is the only official language in Quebec.Some people are happy with the changes already made, but others still think Quebec should secede from Canada.

Big image

Canadian government

Canada is a constitutional monarchy because it has a monarch, which is the monarch of , is the Head of State, but the power to make laws remains with Parliament. Parliament is made up of the Senate and the House of Commons. Canada has a parliamentary democracy because the leader works with or through the legislature and a cabinet composed of members of the legislature or Parliament elect the leader, which is the Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau. Canada is federation because the power is shared between the central authority or government and several regional authorities or in this case Canada's provinces. One role of vote for the House of Commons, which indirectly votes the Prime Minister. Citizens must be eighteen years old to vote, but it is not required by law.

Canadian Smore - by Naeha Nayar