Amphibious Warfare In World War II
What is Amphibious Warfare?
Amphibious Warfare is when Landing craft comes ashore to disperse troops and/or artillery. This has been used in assaults and special operations since ancient times. It was used throughout World War II and proved itself to be successful.
Why was it needed?
This kind of warfare was crucial in World War II. America and Britain needed a fast way to get a maximum amount of troops onto shore. These ships did not require a dock to unload personnel or equipment, making it much faster to get them on or off shore.
The Impact On World war II
These kind of ships were used in the Pacific for island jumping through New Guinea and the Philippines. But the largest attack using over four thousand amphibious ships was on the beaches of Normandy, June 6, 1944, known as, D-day. That day was very successful and considered one of the major turning pionts of the war.
Some Different Kinds of Amphibious Ships
Several Kinds of Amphibious ships were used during World War II. One of which was the LST type two. This large vessel was made exclusively in America. Though the LST (Landing Ship Tank) type one was first created in Britain. These ships usually Carried heavy equipment. There was also a 2.5 ton, 6X6 Amphibious truck, the design was based off a cargo truck. It was used to help unprepared beachs. Another ship made in America was called the LCVP (Landing Craft, Vehicle, Personnel). More commonly known as the Higgins Boat Named after Its Inventor Andrew Higgins. It was based off ships used in swamps and marshes. It could hold 36 infantry or 8,000 pounds of supplies and/or equipment with a crew of four men. The Higgins Boat was the most used amphibious vessel in World War II. Many Credited Andrew Higgins to "winning the war" with his invention.
Inovations To The Higgins Boat
Amtracks came along after 1943 when the United States Attacked Tawara and The Ships got stuck in the coral reefs due to low tide. They invented amtracks to drive over reefs or shallow points.
Diagram of the LCVP
Amphibious warfare was very important to the allies so they could win the war. They may not have won it without this amazing Naval technology.