Apollo

By: Madi Mohar

Family and Origin

Zeus, god of the sky and the rain, married his sixth wife, Leto,daughter of the Titans Coeus and Ohoebe. Leto quickly became pregnant with twins and Zeus' main wife Hera became angry that Zeus had married Leto. In anger and jealousy, Hera band llithyia, goddess of childbirth, to help Leto with her birth. When Leto came close to birth, the other goddesses bribed Hera to let Ilithyia help Leto and finally Hera gave in and let Ilithyia help. Leto then gave birth to twins Artemis, goddess of hunt and creatures and Apollo, god of music, light, and reason.

Apollo and Artemis

After birth, the Apollo and Artemis were given a bow and arow and they grew close to each other, always having their families back. One day when Niobe boasted of her fourteen children when Leto only had two, Apollo and Aretmis came together and killed all of the fourteen children with their bow and arrows. Apollo also had a deep love for his sister, she was the other side of him and he didn't want to see her taken away from another man. Eventually Artemis found a man see fell in love with, Orion, and Apollo became angry. In jealousy, he sent a scorpion to kill Orion. Orion gave a fight, but was killed in the end. Both Orion and the scorpion were put in the sky, this is how the scorpion and man constellation in the sky came to be. Artemis was mad with her brother, but still loved him for looking out for her

Female Lovers

Apollo fell in love with many different types of people. His first love was a nymph Daphne. Apollo had a deep affection for her, but she didn’t feel the same. One day Daphne tried to run, but he chased her to the river bank where he finally caught up as she changed herself into a tree. Apollo's next love was Cyrene, another nymph. She then gave birth to Aristaeus, a demi-god of hunting and bee-keeping and the protector of cattle and fruit trees. After Cryene, Apollo loved Hecuba, who bore Troilius. Next came Cassandra, who also rejected him. After that Apollo fell in love with Coronis who bore Asclepius, god of healing. Soon after Coronis had an affair and Apollo had her burned.

Male Lovers

Apollo also fell in love with other males, like his father. His first male love was Hyacinthus, a Spartan prince. Zephyrus, the god of the west wind, was jealous of Apollo's love so one day when Apollo and Hyacinthus were throwing the discus, Zephyrus made the discuss Apollo threw veer off course and hit Hyacinthus, killing him. Next Apollo loved Cyparissus. Apollo gave Cyparissus a deer as a token of their love and one day, Cyparissus threw his javelin and accidently hit the deer, killing it. In guilt Cyparissus told Apollo to change him into a tree and he did.

Oracle of Delphi

When Hera found out that Zeus had an affair with Leto and that Leto was to have children, she sent a dragon, Python, to make sure that she couldn't give birth. Fortunately, Leto escaped and was able to give birth to Apollo and Artemis. When Apollo was old enough, he was told about Python chasing his mother. In anger, Apollo rode in his chariot to Mount Parnassus where he then chases the dragon to the oracle of Gaia at Delphi. There the two fought until Apollo shot Python dead with his arrows. The Oracle of Delphi, a temple, became Apollo's.

Music

Apollo is known as the god of music. Although he didn't make it, the lyre is one of his most known instruments. The story is told that Hermes, in the middle of the night, stole some of Apollo's cows. Apollo woke up to half his cows gone and was frustrated, he was then told that Hermes was responsible. In anger, Apollo ran to Hermes' cave to find him next to his mother in a blanket with an instrument next to him. In awe, Apollo quickly traded his cows for the new instrument, a lyre. Another story is told that Marsyas, a satyr, discovered that he could play two melodies at once and thought he was better than Apollo. Angered by this, Apollo challenged Marsyus and beat him, taking away all his fur.

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