The C.R.A.P. Test for information

Currency, Reliability, Authority and Purpose/Point of View


o How recent is the information?

o How recently has the website been updated?

o Is it current enough for your topic?


o What kind of information is included in the resource?

o Is the content of the resource primarily opinion? Is is balanced?

o Does the creator provide references or sources for data or quotations?


o Who is the creator or author?

o What are their credentials?

o Who is the publisher or sponsor?

o Are they reputable?

o What is the publisher's interest (if any) in this information?

o Are there advertisements on the website?

Purpose/Point of View

o Is this fact or opinion?

o Is it biased?

o Is the creator/author trying to sell you something?

With thanks to Molly Beestrum & Kenneth Orenic at Dominican University