Tyler Tomoda - 3rd

Placer Mining

Frequently used for precious metal deposits (particularly gold) and gemstones, both of which are often found in alluvial deposits—deposits of sand and gravel in modern or ancient stream beds, or occasionally glacial deposits.

Quartz Mining

The mining of gold on veins or ore bodies in place as distinguished from surface digging or washing.

Vigilance Committee

A group formed of private citizens to administer law and order where they considered governmental structures to be inadequate.

Open Range

A large area of grazing land without fences or other barriers.

Long Drive

Long Drive was the herding of thousands of cattle to railway centers scattered across the plains. Thousands of cattle were moved from the plains to towns at one time. Cowboy's lives on the move were very dangerous because they had to encounter bad weather, theives, Indians, dangerous animals, and stampedes.

Barbed Wire

Wire with clusters of short, sharp spikes set at intervals along it, used to make fences or in warfare as an obstruction.


Southwestern U.S. an unbranded calf, cow, or steer, especially an unbranded calf that is separated from its mother.


A house, especially a farmhouse, and outbuildings.

Dry Farming

An agricultural technique for non-irrigated cultivation of drylands.


A farmer or a farm worker

Bonanza Farms

Bonanza farms were very large farms in the United States performing large-scale operations, mostly growing and harvesting wheat.


A member of a people having no permanent abode, and who travel from place to place to find fresh pasture for their livestock.


Fixed sum of money paid to someone each year, typically for the rest of their life.


To cause (a person or group) to become part of a different society, country, etc.


The amount of something allocated to a particular person.