Mexican Grey Wolf

Canis lupus

Classification

  • Domain Eukarya: Everything in this domain can be either single or multicellular. All members in this domain have a nucleus. Cells are relatively round.
  • Kingdom Animalia: Everthing is this kingdom are multicellular, they rely on other organism for energy, and their body's are made of cells (besides sponge).
  • Phylum Choradata: These animals have 3 germ layers, a full digestive system and bilateral symmetry.
  • Subphylum Vertebrata: This group has a backbone and an endoskelaton. Sometimes they have a tail.
  • Class Mammalia: These animals have hair, most reproduce sexually, and are mainly characterized by teeth
  • Order Carnivora: They have special teeth for cutting meat, they are usually medium-sized, usually have luxurious coats to keep warm.
  • Family Canidea:They are medium sized.They are omnivores.Sometimes form packs to hunt and live within.
  • Genus Canis: Dogs, Jackals, and Wolves
  • Species: Canis lupus

General Description

  • Height: Grey wolves range from 60 cm to 90 cm from the ground to their shoulders.
  • Length: Their total length from tip of the nose to tail is 100 to 130 cm for males, and is around 90 to 120 cm for females.
  • Weight: On average grey wolves weigh around 23-80 kg
  • Natural Range: Because of humans and deforestation grey wolves are only found in the United States, Alaska, Canada, Mexico (a small population), and Eurasia.
  • Diet: Wolves hunt moose, elk, bison, musk oxen, and reindeer.
  • Habitat Description: Grey wolves occupy a wide variety of habitats including forest, prairie, arctic tundra and, arid landscapes
  • Predators: Wolves main predator is the human. Due to hunting grey wolves have almost gone extinct. Occasionally another wolf of coyote will kill another wolf if it is weak or by itself, as long as the other wolf isn't in that same pack.

Physical Adaptations

The color of a grey wolf helps it survive by blending the wolf into its surroundings and letting it sneak up on small prey. Another adaption is that they're bite pressure has been measured at 1500 psi, this help these animals to kill prey. Wolves have strong leg muscles that help them pace themselves and keep up with fast prey like moose. Another adaption that grey wolves have are their teeth, they help wolves cut through tough animal hides. The last adaption is that wolves have strong noses, meaning that they can smell other wolves and prey from a distance. This help them so that they know when food is near or when a dangerous pack is nearby.

Behavioral Adaptations

Wolves hunt and live in packs. Packs are an adaptation because they make hunting easier and protecting their young effectively and safely. Wolves have a strong sense of smell, their sense of smell is 100 times better then humans. This helps them hunt prey. In each pack there are ranks that show who is in charge and who eats first, this is important so that the wolves do fight among themselves for food of for mates. Wolves howl to each other when they should assemble for hunts, and to communicate with other packs that that is their territory. This is important so that there are no fight. Wolves are partly nocturnal so that they can sneak up on prey at night

References

References

Burton, M., & Burton, R. (2002). Gray wolf. In International wildlife encyclopedia v.1 (AAR-BAR) (3rd ed., Vol. 8, pp. 1054-1057). New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish.


Mammals wolf. (2015). Retrieved March 19, 2015, from San Diego Animals website: http://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/wolf


Mexican grey wolf. (2014). Retrieved March 19, 2015, from Brookfield Zoo website: http://www.czs.org/Brookfield-ZOO/Zoo-Animals/Great-Bear-Wilderness/Mexican-Gray-Wolf


Smith, J. 2002. "Canis lupus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed March 11, 2015 at http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Canis_lupus/