The Unified Peninsula - Leslie Ruiz
- 800 - 600 B.C.: Greeks, Etruscans, and others settle in Italy.
- 753 B.C: Rome is founded. This marks the beginning of the Roman Kingdom.
- 509 B.C: The monarchy is overthrown, and Italy becomes a republic. From 46 to 44 B.C., Julius Caesar rules as dictator.
- 27 B.C.: Augustus becomes the first emperor of the Roman Empire. He is Julius Caesar's grand-nephew and adopted son.
- 1200 - 1600 A.D: Rome, Florence and Venice prosper during the Renaissance, a period of renewed interest in culture.
- 1861: Italy becomes a united nation under King Victor Emmanuel II.
- 1915: Italy enters World War I on the side of the Allies.
- 1940 - 1943: Italy sides with Germany and enters World War II. In 1943, dictator Benito Mussolini is forced to resign.
- 1946: Italians vote to end the monarchy and becomes a democratic republic.
- 1984: Catholicism is no longer the country's formal state religion.
- 2008: Billionaire Silvio Berlusconi returns to power as prime minister. He begins a third term.
- 2009: In April, the mountainous area of Abruzzo is badly hit by an earthquake. Many people are injured and left homeless.