Italy

The Unified Peninsula - Leslie Ruiz

Geographic

The flag of Italy ----->

Land Area: 116,347 mi²

Bodies of Water:

  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Tyrhenian Sea
  • Adriatic Sea
  • Ionian Sea
  • Po Lake
  • Grand Canal
Climate: Mediterranean climate

Political

President: Sergio Matarella

Prime Minister: Metteo Renzi

Government Type:

  • Unitary state
  • Parliamentary republic
  • Constitutional republic
  • Republic

The president of Italy --->

Economic

Monetary Unit: Euro (€)

Gross domestic product: 2.149 trillion USD (2013)

GDP per capita: 35, 925.88 USD (2013)


<---- Euro

Social

Religion:

  • Catholic (88%)
  • No Religion (6%)
  • Orthodox (2%)
  • Islam (2%)
  • Other (2%)
  • Protestant (1%)

Literacy Rate: 99%

National Holiday: Republic Day, June 2

Main Food: Italian food (pasta, pizza, bread, etc.)

History

  • 800 - 600 B.C.: Greeks, Etruscans, and others settle in Italy.
  • 753 B.C: Rome is founded. This marks the beginning of the Roman Kingdom.
  • 509 B.C: The monarchy is overthrown, and Italy becomes a republic. From 46 to 44 B.C., Julius Caesar rules as dictator.
  • 27 B.C.: Augustus becomes the first emperor of the Roman Empire. He is Julius Caesar's grand-nephew and adopted son.
  • 1200 - 1600 A.D: Rome, Florence and Venice prosper during the Renaissance, a period of renewed interest in culture.
  • 1861: Italy becomes a united nation under King Victor Emmanuel II.
  • 1915: Italy enters World War I on the side of the Allies.
  • 1940 - 1943: Italy sides with Germany and enters World War II. In 1943, dictator Benito Mussolini is forced to resign.
  • 1946: Italians vote to end the monarchy and becomes a democratic republic.
  • 1984: Catholicism is no longer the country's formal state religion.
  • 2008: Billionaire Silvio Berlusconi returns to power as prime minister. He begins a third term.
  • 2009: In April, the mountainous area of Abruzzo is badly hit by an earthquake. Many people are injured and left homeless.

Sources

  • factmonster.com
  • kids.britannica.com
  • timeforkids.com