Nanotechnologies in IT
Nanotechnology can help peoples in future in IT
Computer and Microelectronics
CPU - October 15, 2007, Intel announced the development of a new prototype of the processor that contains the smallest structural element size of about 45 nm. In the future, the company intends to achieve the size of the structural elements to 5 nm. The main competitor of Intel, the company AMD, has also long been used for the production of its processors nanotechnology processes developed in partnership with IBM. A characteristic feature of the development is the use of Intel additional insulating layer SOI, preventing leakage current due to extra insulation structures forming the transistor. There are already examples of processors working with transistors size of 45 nm and a prototype 32 nm;
Molecular rotors - synthetic nanoscale motors capable of generating torque applied to them enough energy;
Nanobots - robots created from nanomaterials and size comparable with the molecule that have the features of movement, processing and transmission of information, execution of programs. Nanorobots capable of creating copies of itself, ie, reproducing itself, are called replicators. The ability to create nanobots considered in his book "Engines of Creation", the American scientist Eric Drexler. It is now established electromechanical nanodevices, reduced mobility, which can be considered the prototype of nanorobots
Information and communication technology is an important and rapidly growing industrial sector with a high rate of innovation. Enormous progress has been made by making a transition from traditional to nanotechnology electronics. Nanotechnology has created a tremendous change in information and communication technology.
Breakthrough in information and communication technology due to nanotechnology can happen in two steps. First step is top-down miniaturization approach which will take conventional microstructures across the boundary to nanotechnology. Secondly, in the longer term, bottom-up nanoelectronics and nanosystem engineering will emerge using technologies such as self-organization process to assemble circuits and systems.
Picture quality and resolution of display devices has improved with the help of nanotechnology. Nanopixelation of these devices make the picture feel real. Similarly frequency modulation in audio devices has been digitized to billionth bit of signals.
Nanotechnology is the next industrial revolution and the telecommunications industry will be radically transformed by it in the future. Nanotechnology has revolutionized the telecommunications, computing, and networking industries. The emerging innovation technologies are:
*Nanomaterials with novel optical, electrical, and magnetic properties
*Faster and smaller non-silicon-based chipsets, memory, and processors
*New-science computers based on Quantum Computing
*Advanced microscopy and manufacturing systems
*Faster and smaller telecom switches, including optical switches
*Higher-speed transmission phenomena based on plasmonics and other quantum-level phenomena
* Nanoscale MEMS: micro-electro-mechanical systems