Middle East Discovery Project

By Caroline Warber

Kuwait Country Basics

The capital city of Kuwait is its great Kuwait City. A Arab revolt flag used by Arabs in the Ottoman Empire inspired the Kuwait flag we now see today. Each color on their flag represents a part of their culture. Green represents Kuwait's prosperity, fertile land, and Islam. It is also believed to be a favorite color of Prophet Muhammad and his daughter Fatima. Black symbolizes victory over their enemies. White represents the goodness of Kuwaitis' deeds. Red symbolizes the bravery of soldiers of Kuwait ad the blood shed by their enemies.

Geography

Kuwait is located on the continent of Asia and is surrounded by Saudi Arabia and Iraq. Kuwait has 310 miles of coastline along the Persian Gulf. The highest point in Kuwait, unnamed but is 1,004 feet above sea level. Kuwait is mainly flat but does have a rolling desert plain. Kuwait has a main and but also includes 9 islands. Major landmarks include; The Kuwait Towers, Seif Palace, Grand Mosque, and Jahra Gate. The Persian Gulf War of 1991,caused Kuwait many environmental issues due to oil being released into the Persian Gulf which jeopardized their water supply. Kuwait does not have a renewable water supply and relies solely on sea water and wells. There is little vegetation in Kuwait in the desert portions of the country.

Government

The government type of this country is constitutional emirate. The executive power of the country belongs to the Emir and his appointed prime minister. The Emir's name is Jahir al-Ahmad al-Jahir as-Sabah. The Emir and the prime minister choose a council of minsters who are descendants of Mubarak as-Sabah. They also have a national assembly of 50 men elected every 4 years and political parties are not allowed. From the Kuwait Constitution, "Individual rights protected by the constitution are extensive and include personal liberty and equality before the law, freedom to hold beliefs and express opinions, and freedom of the press."

Economy

The GDP per capita for this country is very high in that it is $72,200 which makes it a pretty rich nation. The revenue for this country is $61.08 billion with expenditures being $66.5 billion(2015 est.)which means they spend approximately 4.4% more than they get in. The main export is oil and the main import is food and construction materials. The life expectancy is about 78 years old, the birth rate is about 20 births per 1000 people, 99% of population has a drinking water source, and the literacy rate for the country is 96.3%.

Culture

Traditional clothing in Kuwait is dresses for both men and women like in the picture shown.Modern clothing is mostly different in that they wear mostly clothes like women or men in this country. Major languages spoken are Arabic and English. The main religions in Kuwait are Muslim and Christianity. Muslims believe in the oneness of God and his angels, that he created everything, ad that he is all knowing and all powerful and mighty. Christians believe that Jesus, the son of God was set down to the earth to be crucified so that they could forever sin but still have God's love. There is no such thing as a Kuwaiti restaurant so they have to cook this popular meal at home. This meal, Machboos consists of either fish, chicken or beef over a specially spiced rice.

Climate

Kuwait has a very hot and dry climate. Summers in Kuwait are over exceedingly hot and dry with temperatures reaching 124 degrees Fahrenheit and winter is cool with little rain with a low of 30 degrees Fahrenheit. Occasional sand storms and cloud bursts occur due to Kuwait being a desert landscape country. There is little vegetation in Kuwait other than a few desert flowers here and there. Average yearly precipitation amount in Kuwait is 4.2 inches. Average yearly temperature is 78.2 degrees Fahrenheit.

History

In 636 the Battle of Chains began with the Rashidun Caliphate and the Sassanid Empire. In this war Kuwait became under Muslim control when Rashidun won the war and gained control of this country. This has contributed to their current conditions because now Kuwait's official religion is Muslim with over 70% of the country a part of it. Kuwait was one of the founding members of OPEC in 1960 and loves to export lots of large amounts of oil. This has helped the country gain money in the present and they are constantly making more, maybe even while we are speaking right now. The huge oil and petroleum business they run has probably helped their country out so much financially.

Compare and Contrast

Currency in the United States and Kuwait is similar, but also different in many ways. In both countries, the currency has a said value towards goods and products in that country. Also, each country's currency is equal to an amount of the other. For example, 1 Kuwaiti Dinar is equal to 3.34 USD(United States Dollars)and believe it or not, Kuwait has the highest valued currency in the world. On the differences side of everything they are completely different currency's and they have a different name and country belonging to it. Another difference is that 1 Kuwait Dinar is not of equal value to 1 USD. Religion between these two countries can be similar or different. In Kuwait they have a official religion, unlike the US which does not. Another difference is that Muslim is the greatest population followed religion in Kuwait while in the US it is Protestant. A similarity between the two countries is that they both have over 50% of the population following their faith and beliefs of the largest religion. Another similarity is that both countries have a significant Christian population, with Kuwait ranging in at 17.3% of population and the US with 1.6% of population.