Social Impact of the Civil War

African Americans, Common Soldiers, and the Home Front

African Americans

The Emancipation Proclamation

  • This was issued on January 1, 1863 by president Abraham Lincoln
  • It allowed for the enlistment of African American soldiers

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Common Soldiers

  • War was now hand-to-hand combat
  • The letters home and the diaries prove the brutality of the war
  • After the war, soldiers would come home to destroyed homes and poverty.
  • Soldiers would be left with permanent disabitlites


  • At this point in time, the women were the head of the houses
  • they had to live with scarce resources
  • they would often go hungry
  • they got new roles in agricultural, nursing, and wartime industries