Cell Organelles

By Cara Small

What are Cell Organelles?

Cell organelles are the parts that make up a cell, like how organs make up our bodies.

Cell Organelles-

Cell Membrane

The cell membrane is the outside part of a cell where it decides what can go in or out of the cell.

Cytoplasm

The cytoplasm in a cell is gel-like liquid that keeps other cell organelles in place.

Nucleus

The nucleus is like the "brain" of the cell. It controls what everything does in the cell.

Nuclear Membrane

The nuclear membrane is the cell organelle that controls what goes in and/or out of the nucleus.

Mitochondria

The "mighty" mitochondria breaks down the sugar in the cell to make energy, that the cell later uses.

Chloroplast

The chloroplast in a cell creates the sugar that the mitochondria uses to make energy for the cell.

Cell Wall

The cell wall is the outer edge of a plant cell that protects the cell. There is only a cell wall on a plant cell.

Vacuole

The vacuole is where all the water is stored in a cell.

Cell Theory-

  • All organisms are made of one or more cells
  • All cells come from preexisting cells
  • The cell is the basic unit of structure and organizations in organisms

Simplest to Most Complex-

Cell --> Tissue --> Organ --> Organ System --> Organism

Why is it in that Order?

It goes in this order because it basically goes from smallest to largest. As in: cells makes up tissues, tissues make up organs, organs make up organ systems, and organ systems make up an organism.

Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic-

Prokaryotic

Prokaryotic cells are cells that do not have a nucleus. Example: Bacteria

Eukaryotic

Eukaryotic cells are cells that do have a nucleus. Examples: Plants and Animals

Plant and Animal Cells-

Plant and Animal Cells

Both of these cells are eukaryotic cells, since they have a nucleus. They basically have the same parts, except a plant cell has a cell wall and chloroplasts, and an animal cell does not. An animal cell is an irregular figure, while a plant cell is more of a square/rectangle.

Plant Cell-

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Animal Cell-

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