Created by Mikaley Lenth


Poliomyelitis, or Polio, has many symptoms for the three different types. The symptoms for Non Paralytic Polio are sore throat, fever, vomiting, headache, stiffness and back pain, fatigue, arm, neck, and leg stiffness and pain, meningitis, and muscle tenderness and weakness. With Paralytic Polio you might experience loss of reflexes. severe muscle weakness and aches. floppy and loose limbs(normally worse on one side of the body), Muscle and joint weakness, muscle atrophy, swallowing and breathing problems, sleep related disorders, mood swings, depression, and concentration and memory difficulties are all symptoms of Post-Polio Syndrome. You may become exhausted after minimal activity.


Polio can be transmitted through contaminated food or water. Polio can also be transmitted through direct contact with somebody infected or their feces. If the environment around you has had contact with infected feces or people, it can also be contaminated.

How Does Polio Effect You

New victims are ill for about seven to fourteen days and then the virus will shed from the throat. After swallowing the virus, it spreads into the blood stream. You may also have a fever. The fever will reach it's peak for about two to three days and then rapidly subside, You should recover in three to four days. Polio also effects the nervous system. Polio destroys and inflames motor cells in the spinal cord and the brain stem. Patients become irritable and have pain in the back and limbs. They will also have muscle tenderness and a stiff neck.

Prevention and Treatment

To help prevent Polio, you should get the Polio vaccine. The vaccine doesn't prevent Polio completely, but will make you slightly immune. There is no treatment for Polio. Doctors recommend bed rest along with pain relievers, a portable ventilator, exercise or physical therapy, and a nutritious diet.

Cases of Polio

Polio is most common in Africa. In 2014, Pakistan has had 268 cases, Afghanistan has had 23 cases, Nigeria has had 6 cases, Somalia, Equatorial Guinea, and Cameroon have had 5 cases each, Iraq has had 2 cases, Kenya has had no cases, and Syria along with Ethiopia have had only one case of Polio each. Globally, there have been 316 cases of Polio this year.

What is Polio and How Long Are You Able to Spread It?

Polio is a viral disease. Polio effects the spinal cord, causes muscle weakness, and sometimes, can even paralyze you. Polio enters mainly though the mouth. After a week or two, the virus will spread through the blood stream. Polio spreads by direct contact with infected feces or the person. This disease is most common in small children and infants with poor hygiene. Paralysis is most common and sever in older, infected people. You can start spreading Polio seven to ten days before you experiencing symptoms. The illness excretes in the feces for about three to six weeks. You can be contagious as long as the virus is present.

Polio Vaccine

The Polio vaccine was introduced in 1955. There are two different vaccines. The first one is called Truculent Oral Polio Vaccine, or, tOPV. This one is given by mouth. The other vaccine is called Inacricared Polio Vaccine(IPV), this is given as an injection. tOPV is no longer recommended in the United States. IPV is given at ages 2, 4, 6, and 18 months old, and between 4 and 6 years old.


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