Dwight D. Eisenhower

34th President of the United States

Life

Eisenhower was of Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry and was raised in a large family in Kansas by parents with a strong religious background. He attended and graduated from West Point and later married and had two sons.

Pre-Presidency

He was a five-star general in the United States Army during World War II and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe; he had responsibility for planning and supervising the invasion of North Africa in Operation Torch in 1942–43 and the successful invasion of France and Germany in 1944–45 from the Western Front. In 1951, he became the first supreme commander of NATO. After World War II, Eisenhower served as Army Chief of Staff under President Harry S. Truman then assumed the post of President at Columbia University.

34th President

Eisenhower entered the 1952 presidential race as a Republican to counter the non-interventionism of Senator Robert A. Taft and to crusade against "Communism, Korea and corruption". He won by a landslide, defeating Democrat Adlai Stevenson and ending two decades of the New Deal Coalition. In the first year of his presidency, Eisenhower deposed the leader of Iran in the 1953 Iranian coup d'état and used nuclear threats to conclude the Korean War with China. In 1954, Eisenhower first articulated the domino theory in his description of the threat presented by the spread of communism. The Congress agreed to his request in 1955 for the Formosa Resolution, which enabled him to prevent Chinese communist aggression against Chinese nationalists and established the U.S. policy of defending Taiwan. When the Soviets launched Sputnik in 1957, he had to play catch-up in the space race.Among his enduring innovations, he launched the Interstate Highway System; the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), which led to the internet, among many invaluable outputs; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), driving peaceful discovery in space; the establishment of strong science education via the National Defense Education Act; and encouraging peaceful use of nuclear power via amendments to the Atomic Energy Act.He also signed civil rights legislation in 1957 and 1960 to protect the right to vote. He implemented desegregation of the armed forces in two years and made five appointments to the Supreme Court. He was the first term-limited president in accordance with the 22nd Amendment. Eisenhower's two terms were peaceful ones for the most part and saw considerable economic prosperity except for a sharp recession in 1958–59.

Post Presidency

Upon completion of his Presidential term, his commission was reactivated by Congress and Eisenhower again was commissioned a five-star general in the United States Army. Eisenhower was also the first outgoing President to come under the protection of the Former Presidents Act. While he was immensely popular as president, he also received a 65 percent approval rating post presidency.

Achievements

5. He Sponsored and Signed the Civil Rights Bill of 1957.
4. He Sponsored and Signed the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956.
3. He Balanced the Budget, Not Just Once, But Three Times.
2. He Ended the Korean War.
1. He Kept America at Peace

Failures

5. He Failed to Improve the Plight of the American Farmer.
4. He Failed to Moderate the Republican Party.
3. He Failed to Provide Leadership in Civil Rights.
2. He Failed to Denounce Senator Joseph McCarthy.
1. He Failed to Defuse the Cold War.

Popularity

He was so popular that both the Democrats and the Republicans wanted him as their candidate but because of his own basic conservatism, he ran as a Republican. His campaign slogan was, "I like Ike," and America did. His approval rating post presidency was 65%.

Members of his Cabinet

Secretary of State

John Foster Dulles, 1953

Christian A. Herter, 1959


Secretary of the Treasury

George M. Humphrey, 1953
Robert B. Anderson, 1957


Secretary of Defense

Charles E. Wilson, 1953
Neil H. McElroy, 1957
Thomas S. Gates, Jr., 1959


Attorney General

Herbert Brownell, Jr., 1953
William P. Rogers, 1958


Postmaster General

Arthur E. Summerfield, 1953


Secretary of the Interior

Douglas McKay, 1953

Frederick A. Seaton, 1956


Secretary of Agriculture

Ezra Taft Benson, 1953


Secretary of Commerce

Sinclair Weeks, 1953
Lewis L. Strauss1, 1958
Frederick H. Mueller, 1959


Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare

Oveta Culp Hobby, 1953
Marion B. Folsom, 1955
Arthur S. Flemming, 1958


Secretary of Labor

Martin P. Durkin, 1953
James P. Mitchell, 1953

President in the Modern Day World?

Besides the fact that he was a great president in the 1950's, in the modern day I do not believe he would be a successful president, and must less elected. He is highly conservative and I feel that the liberal and democratic movement today would not allow for a staunch conservative to run the country. Also, we do not honor war heros as they did in the 50's.