Chapter 6

Graisan Craver

Adolescence

  • It is not universal

  • In many preindustrial societies, young people go directly from childhood to adulthood once they have taken part in formal ceremonies known as puberty rites. (take place around the age of 13 or 14) but differs from society to society.

  • Even though people are in their early teenage years, they can take on adult roles.

  • Adolescence did not exist before the Civil War

Characteristics of Adolescence

  • It's not the same for everyone

  • 5 characteristics of adolescence: biological growth and development, an undefined status, increased decision making, increased pressures, and the search for self.

    • Biological Growth and Development

      • puberty is universal because it is biological rather than cultural in origin.

      • the brain and endocrine system-a group of glands that produce various hormones-control biological development.

    • Increase Decision Making

      • Most children have their decisions made by adults

      • When children reach adolescence they make their own decisions

    • Increased Pressure

      • Adolescence are faced with pressure from many sources

      • From their parents telling what time to be home, and the grades they make in school

Anticipatory socialization- involves learning the rights, obligations, and expectations of a role to prepare for assuming that role in the future
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