Faster, Higher, Stronger

BY: Mark McClusky


How sports science is creating a new generation of super athletes and what we can learn from them.
  • Tricks for the brain to help the body fight fatigue
  • Nutritional hacks that fuel athletes
  • The huge impact data can have on training
  • Smart ways to speed up learning a new skill
  • The competitive benefits of being a late bloomer


In todays world, athletes are turning to advanced technology and savvy science to help them reach new levels of human performance.


Menlo Park, California

Fighting Fatigue & Injury Prevention

Baseball Players (all sports start with a pre workout stretch)

  • Before their workout, baseball players begin by rolling out their muscles to loosen them and increase blood flow before starting the actual work.
  • By gradually ramping up the numbers, the baseball players are lowering their risk of injury.
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  • In my sport (gymnastics) I have to stretch before and after every practice. By doing so, I am decreasing my risk of injury.
  • It is very important to apply heat to your muscles before a hard workout, and ice right after.
  • Cold-water immersion, is said to reduce muscle soreness after workouts.
  • By stretching your quads, it can prevent knee injuries. (ACL tears)
  • (This is for all sports, including regular activities, like going for a run)


  • A baseball player or a golfer needs good rotational ability.
  • A soccer player needs to have great lateral movement.
  • A sprinter needs explosive power in a straight line.
  • A gymnast would need to have all three of these qualities, including flexibility, and high levels of strength, in order to keep the body up and off the ground.

Healthy Diet

  • Myths
  • Sports drinks? Yes or No?
  • Breaking the myth about gatorade
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If a regular person hits the gym for 30 minutes on the elliptical machine, she might burn about 350 calories. She then puts 200 calories back into her body by drinking a thirty-two -ounce sports drink.

  • If you are looking to lose weight, you're not making any progress.
  • Rule number one to losing weight... (NEVER DRINK YOUR CALORIES)


Athletes need these extra calories, because they are exerting themselves past, what is normal.

  • A runner requires lots of electrolytes, because when running, they are sweating a lot, thus needing to replenish the lost calories.
  • The same goes for any sport that requires high endurance.
  • Gymnast don't really need to have any of these extra calories, because in gymnastics, we are not exerting ourselves for long periods of time.

Vitamins and Bone Health

  • Vitamin D: (Sunlight) * Lack of Vitamin D can affect bone health, and can cause inflammation and reduce the effectiveness of muscles.
  • Iron: (blood cell development and regeneration)
  • Calcium: (bone health and strength)

Gold Medal Genetics

DNA Isn't Destiny, but It Sure Can Help

  • Height is 70 to 80% inherited.
  • The rest is from environmental factors.
  • Kids who are tall, tend to have taller parents.
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Gender & Race

Men & Women

  • There is a sizable physiological gap between men and women.


  • Kenyan and Ethiopian athletes have dominated long distance running for nearly two decades.
  • Why?
  • Phenotype: long thin limbs, and low fat
  • Kenyan and Ethiopian runners have a higher hemoglobin than other ethnicities.
  • Hemoglobin: A red protein responsible for transporting oxygen in the blood.
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Anatony Final (2)