CHINA, JAPAN, AND KOREA

By Gabe Howley

China

History
  • Earliest settlers for China were in 5000 B.C. and was ruled for thousands of years by the Mongoloids. They created chopsticks and Chinese style of writing.
  • In 200 B.C, The First Emperor conquered eastern China. Ordered the building of the Great Wall of China to serve as protection from northern invaders.

  • The Silk Road was China route for trading and it extended from China through Central Asia to the Black Sea.

  • The Portuguese 1st to establish a trading colony but the British had the biggest influence on China.

  • After British imperialism, China began to weaken and the Chinese Dynasty system ended in 1911.

  • Nationalism also weakened China in the early 20th Century because of the China's democratic movement. Communist party in China formed in 1921 and was led by Mao Zedong.

  • In 1914 Zedong claimed that China was now the Peoples Republic Of China. Zedong promotes communism and it took away old Chinese ideas. The Red Guards also had a influence on promoting of his ideas.

  • In !989, students angrily protested for democracy in Tienanmen Square. The Chinese military responded by shooting innocent civilians.


Economy

  • Communist, socialist state

  • Single party leadership

  • Premier of China—head of the gov’t

  • No freedom of speech, press, religion

  • China has one of the world’s largest economies

  • Major exporter to the U.S. and rest of world

  • The US relys on China for clothing, toys, machinery, fabrics, and fruits

  • Many large companies have moved their businesses and factories to China


Culture

  • Many different cultures due to large population 1.3 billion people

  • Most people are Han Chinese 70% of population

  • Majority of the population speak Mandarin

  • Many different dialects

  • Rice, noodles, and breads are most eaten

  • Food and cooking changes from region to region

  • Tea is the most popular drink

  • North China: roast duck

  • Sichuan food: spicy w/ chilies


Religon
  • 1. Taoism/Daoism
  • 2. Confucianism
  • 3. Buddhism
Taoism/Daoism:

Created in China in 500 B.C.

Belief—natural order to the universe

Goal—live simple life in harmony w/ the flow of nature

Dao—means “the way”

Confucianism:

  • Comes from teachings of Confucius
  • Code of ethics
  • Focuses on rules for family, loyalty, duty, & education
  • Relationships—EX: father/son, husband/wife
  • Has spread to Japan, North & South Korea, & Vietnam
Buddhism:
  • Appeared in northern India around 6th century B.C.
  • Founder was Siddhartha Gautama also known as Buddha
  • Siddhartha gave up wealth to find true meaning of life & became enlightened
  • Basic ideas of Buddhism:
  • Give up pain, sorrow, & material things
  • Reach wisdom, then achieve nirvana
  • Religion found in Tibet
Big image

Map of China

Japan

History

  • Japan was highly influenced by China/Korea power with the emperor. In the 1100s, the real power begin with a powerful warlord called a Shogun, they began to rule over daimyo.
  • Europeans traders entered Japan in the 1500s . The Europeans introduced Christianity, but Japan drove the Europeans out in the 1600s because Japan wanted to stay isolated.
  • Japan became a major military power in the 1800s takes over parts of Korea, Russia, and Manchuria.
  • 1940s Japan allies Germany/Italy in World War II and then bombs Pearl Harbor in 1941
  • August 1945 --- US drops atomic bombs on Japan

    Aug. 6 --- atomic bomb on Hiroshima(Little Boy) Aug. 9 --- atomic bomb on Nagasaki (Fat Man)

    Results:

    1. Japan surrenders to end WWII

    2. Almost 200,000 people die

    3. Thousands of people die later by exposure to radiation


Natural Environment

  • There are 4 main islands to Japan and thousands of smaller ones
  • 70% of Japan is mountainous
  • Japans longest mountain range is the Japanese Alps
  • Japans highest peak is Mt. Fuji ( 12,388 ft )
  • Japan lies in the ring of fire where almost 200 volcanoes are active!
  • Japan lacks many mineral and energy resources
  • Japan must import most minerals and resources
Big image

Map of Japan

Korea

History
  • Remained mostly isolatedlexcept for Chinese/Japanese invasions

  • Early 20th Century, Japan annexed Korea

  • Japanese controls Korea until end of WWII

  • Korea divided:

    Division along 38th Parallel (38˚ N latitude)

    North--communist

    South--democratic

  • 1950 --- North Korea invades South Korea

  • UN/US troops sent to defend South Korea

  • China sent troops to defend North Korea

    RESULTS: North Koreans pushed back(1)

    Armistice/truce(2) ended fighting

    Set up DMZ --- demilitarized zone(3)

    Truce line

    150 miles long, 2.5 miles wide

    Most fortified/tense borders in world

  • Kim Jong Un is currently to ruler of North Korea


Economy

  • North Korea:

  • Communist country with command economy

  • Led by Kim Jong Un

  • Most people are poor and lack food

  • Has nuclear weapons

  • South Korea:

  • Constitutional republic w/ market economy

  • Profit from shipbuilding, steel, automobiles, textiles, and electronics

  • Makes Hyundai, Samsung, and LG products

  • Capital is Seoul

  • Largest city in S. Korea

  • Hosted 1988 Summer Olympics and 2002 FIFA World Cup


Natural Enviroment

  • Korean Peninsula
  • 600 miles long
  • Same size as Utah
  • Mostly hills/low mts
  • Most people in the Koreas live on a coastal plain on the west coast

Big image

Map of Korea