The Golden Age of Civilizations

Fabian Nieto

Greece Golden Age

Greece Experienced a Golden age in Architecture

Acropolis- Many different temples that were built to the Greek Gods; the buildings were located in Athens.



Image of Acropolis




Parthenon- A Greek Temple in the Acropolis in Athens, which was devoted to Athena, the Goddess of Wisdom.


Image of the parthenon

Greece experienced a Golden Age in Philosophy

Socrates- Great Greek philosopher who was one of the founders of Western philosophy. One of the methods he encouraged was for people to continue to ask questions about everything

Quote


Plato- Great Greek Philosopher and mathematician, also the founder of the Academy of Athens. He achieved the creation of the first institution of higher learning. That institution was called the Academy in Athens Greece.

Quote


Aristotle- Greek philosopher who was a student in Plato's Academy. Aristotle primarily worked in the sciences and questions that make-up and existence of everything. Eventually Aristotle created his own academy called the Lyceum

Quote

Golden Age of The Gupta Empire

Golden age in government

-Leader during the Golden Age was Chandra Gupta II

-Ruled for 40 years using peaceful means

-Diplomacy

-marriage alliances

Golden Age in Math and Science

Science- discovered Earth was round using eclipses


-calculated the solar year.

Math-developed the concept of zero

-decimal system picture

Golden Age in Medicine

-plastic surgery picture

-vaccines picture

Golden Age in Trade

-The Gupta Empire becomes the middle-men in trade between Asia and Europe picture

-They traded on the silk road

Roman Empire Golden Age

Golden Age of Rome: Leaders, Military, Law

  • Augustus- rule restored morale in Rome after a century of discord and corruption and ushered in the famous Pax Romana–two full centuries of peace and prosperity.


Nerva- (96-98) who was selected by the Senate to succeed Domitian, began another golden age in Roman history, during which four emperors.


Trajan- (98-117) expanded Rome’s borders to the greatest extent in history with victories over the kingdoms of Dacia (now northwestern Romania) and Parthia, maintained a mainly peaceful Rome.


Hadrian- (117-138) solidified the empire’s frontiers and continued his predecessor’s work of establishing internal stability and instituting administrative reforms.


Under Antoninus Pius- (138-161), Rome continued in peace and prosperity


link

Golden Age of Rome: Architecture

-They had what's called the Pantheon

-It was huge and was a temple to the Roman Gods

-The only light source was a huge hole a the top of the dome.

-The Colosseum was built for entertainment where the gladiators would fight each other.

Colosseum

Golden Age of Rome: Infrastructure

-The Romans were the first to create the sewage system

-The way all of the Roman cities got their water was by aqueducts.

-They also built roads that were straight and they were everywhere.

Roman Roads

Mayan Golden Age

Mayan Golden Age in Agricultural System & Trade

-They closely linked the agricultural cycle to astronomy and

religion.

-Important rituals and ceremonies were held in honor of specialized workers from beekeepers to fishermen, and maize, the all-important.

-The slash and burn technique, collecting water from sink holes, also trading

-They traded salt, foodstuffs, clothing, and tools.

-obsidian, salt, ducks, dogs, fish, honey, beans and fruit. Cacao beans.

Mayan Golden Age in Architecture

-They built pyramids as temples for their Gods.

-They had one temple that was called El Castillo and it was their biggest.

-For their entertainment they made a sport called the ball game.

Mayan Golden Age in Math, Science, and Writing

-They used a vigesimal number system based on base 20.

-To indicate numbers they used dots and straight lines.

-They used astronomy to find out how many days are in one year.

-they used hieroglyphics for writing

The Golden of The Han Dynasty

The Golden Age on The Silk Road

-They traded on the silk road

-They traded silk, horses, cattle, furs, hides, and luxuries, such as ivory and jade

-Their main empire that they traded with was the Roman empire.

The Han Dynasty Golden Age in Science

-They created the first textbook

-The first magnetic compass based on the directional of the lodestone in the Earth's magnetism. The lodestone was always carved into the form of a spoon, with the handle facing South.

The Han Dynasty Golden Age in Invetions

-They made paper

-They also invented the wheelbarrow

-And a siesmograph