Delphi, Greece

Fiona B


Delphi is a beautiful city located in Ancient Greece. It sits on a side slope of Mount Parnassus which boarders the countryside and olive groves. The views from Mount Parnassus are very scenic, 8,061′ high. Southwest about 15km away there is a harbor city called Kirrah.
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This is where Delphi is located on the map.
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In Ancient Greece there is a stunning city called Delphi, Delphi has many interesting temples, statues and formations. The Temple of Apollo is one of the many important temples. It was built in the 4th century B.C. by Trophonios and Agamedes, however it was rebuilt shortly after due to a fire. The temple was then named the "Temple of Alcmeonidae" after the family that funded the construction of the temple again. It was rebuilt a third time in 330 B.C. because of an earthquake that occurred in 373 B.C.. The temple was built similar each time it was built. It was built in Doric order, 6 columns in the front and 15 columns on flanks. Another formations which was a theater is the Temple to Athena, this held about 5,000 people. There was also a Tholos with 13 columns that could hold about 7,000 people. The Corycian Cave is also an amazing formation.
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This is the view from inside the Corycian Cave.
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This is Apollos Temple after the earthquake struck.


The name "Delphi" was thought to have came from Delpinios which was a nickname from Apollo because of his love of dolphins. It was said that Apollo arrived there with Cretan Priests on the backs of dolphins. The place was scared to earth goddess Gaia and it was guarded by her daughter the serpent Python. However Apollo left his home at Mount Olympus to kill the serpent Python and declared the scared land his. After he purified himself he constructed his own temple at the spot he had killed the Python and also where the omphalos stone was placed in the ground. He made the temple axis align with midsummer sunrise and the midwinter sunset.
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This is what Apollos Temple was thought to have looked like before it was ruined.
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This is the inner floor plan of Apollos Temple.

What Religion Considered This A Sacred Place?

Many gods and goddess thought of this city as a sacred place. However it was first sacred to the goddess Gaia, it was guarded by her daughter the serpent Python. Many Christians believed there however most were polytheistic and believed that the Olympian gods were the most important and were lead by Zeus. Gods were worshiped at the temple and it was thought that the gods came to visit during the ritual.

Why is it Scared?

Delphi was a sacred place to many gods and goddess because it was considered the center of the world. The reason it was thought of as the center is because Zeus let his two eagles fly around the world and that is where they met. The Pythia was the priestess of Apollo. People came from everywhere to ask the pythia questions about their future so they could be successful and guided. The Pythia could answer your questions but first she had to bathe in the Castalian Spring after the sacrifice of a goat, burn laurel leaves and drinking holy water. Whomever was wanting to ask questions had to present the Pythia with a pelanos which is a pie like dish, they would then be able to enter the inner temple. This was usually a long process that took all day sometimes a few days.
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This is a picture of the Castalian Spring.
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This is a picture of the Castalian Spring fountain.


Works Cited

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