Comparison

By Jenna

Josef Mengele

Who is Josef Mengele?

Josef Mengele was the staff doctor at the Concentration camp called Aushwitz during the Holocaust. His nickname was the Angel of Death and "became the surviving symbol of Hitler's 'Final Solution" (http://www.auschwitz.dk). When the camp was invaded, Josef got away and went to Argentina. He died in 1979 from a swimming accident (http://latinamericanhistory.about.com).

What did he do?

Josef Mengele was not a very nice man. While he was a doctor at Aushwitz, he was given no limits as to what he could do because they were all going to die anyway.

He did horrible experiments on the Jews until they were dead. He tortured the Jews by injecting their eyes to see if they would change color, injected them with disease to document what happens, or he injected them with gasoline just to watch them die painfully and slowly (http://latinamericanhistory.about.com).


"There was excitement in his eyes, a tender touch in his hands. This was the moment when Josef Mengele, the geneticist, found a pair of twins" (http://www.auschwitz.dk). Josef Mengele was especially interested in twins because he wanted to find out the secret of heredity. When they first got there, Josef would call out if there were any twins. He would take them and treat them differently than the other prisoners. They were often treated better than the other prisoners, besides the experiments. The twins conditions were the best out of all of the people because they got to play and have sweets.


Every day the children had to have blood drawn. The younger children had to have it taken from their necks because their legs and arms were too small. Mengele studied everything about the twins. Sometimes he gave a disease to one twin, and when they died the other one was killed to see what the differences were (http://history1900s.about.com).


"Only a few of the children survived Auschwitz. They later recalled how they were visited by a smiling Uncle Mengele who brought them candy and clothes. Then he had them delivered to his medical laboratory either in trucks painted with the Red Cross emblem or in his own personal car" (http://www.mengele.dk).

Milgram's Expirement

Stanley Milgram wanted to understand the power of authority. So he came up with an experiment to see what it can do to a person. The experiment started when the two volunteers met. They were told that one would be the teacher and the other the student. The teacher would ask questions and the student would answer from another room by pushing a button. If the student got it right, they were fine. If the student got it wrong, then they would get shocked, increasing the volts each time with the highest volts having X's as their label. If the teacher was to stop what they were doing and say that they couldn't shock them anymore, a person in a white lab coat would tell them that they had to continue.


What the teacher didn't know was that they weren't actually shocking the student. They were playing a pre-recorded tape for the teacher to listen to. On the last shock, the one with the X, it got silent. The teacher either thought that they killed the student or made them unconscious.


After they had asked all of the questions, the teacher was shown the unharmed student. They were told that it was part of the experiment and that they didn't actually hurt the student.

Stanford Prison Experiment

The Standford Prison Experiment was also looking at how people react to authority. The experiment took place in a basement that was designed to be in a prison. In this experiment, college men were separated into two groups; prisoners and guards. The guards were told to do whatever they had to do to the prisoners to keep them in order. The experiment got way out of hand because the guards became too violent. They had to shut down the experiment after six days when it was supposed to last two weeks.

Connections

Josef Mengele and the two experiments are alike in many ways. Josef and the Stanford experiment are alike because they both hurt people. Josef hurt people for his 'experiments'. He knew that he was hurting them and he was okay with it. The guards at the fake prison hurt the prisoners for fun because their night job was somehow boring. The prison got shut down because of the violence while Josef Mengele ran away to escape getting shut down.

Milgram's experiment and Josef Mengele are also alike in many ways. They both involved injuring people even though Milgram's experiment didn't hurt anyone. Milgram's volunteers didn't know that they weren't hurting anyone, yet the believed that they did. Josef knew that he was hurting the children and adults that he 'experimented' on, yet he still chose to do it while Milgram's volunteers continued because they were told by an authority figure or left because they couldn't take it anymore.


Josef Mengele and the Stanford Prison Experiment both hurt people. Although the prison guards in the Stanford Experiment were doing it unintentionally, they still hurt them. Josef Mengele did it for his 'experiments'.


At Auschwitz, where Josef Mengele did his experiments, the Jews were stripped of everything including their clothes and hair. The prisoners in the Stanford Prison Experiment were also stripped of everything. They were forced to wear dresses without anything underneath. Only the children that Josef Mengele experimented on got special treatment, like the prisoners got when they were good.


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