The Tigua Tribe of Texas

Zach Kilgore, 7th Period, Mrs. Reyff

About

The Tigua Tribe was and still is a native american tribe of Texas. They are the only Puebloan tribe still living in Texas with the same traditions and cultures.

Tigua Food

The Tigua farmed for there food. They ate dried corn, squash, and beans. But to farm they needed water to keep there crops alive. So they developed the first irrigation ditches to get water to there crops.

Cool facts about the Tigua tribe

  • They developed irrigation ditches to farm
  • They cooked using a hollow gourd
  • They traded with other tribes
  • Each Tiguan village had a leader with a government
  • THEY WERE VERY, VERY FRIENDLY
  • The Tiguan's were in the puebloan-type-tribe
  • They called their ancestral home, Pueblo Gran Quivera.
  • They were famous for there beautiful pottery
Picture to the right, Tigua's famous pottery

How the Tiguans Adapted to Their Environment

The Tiguans probably had it the hardest, they lived in dry cliff dwellings and ate dried fruits and vegetables. But, that's because they adapted to their environment and knew nothing else. They adapted to their environment by living in clay brick homes on cliffs. And to eat they farmed and then dried it so the food could last longer, and they build irrigation ditches so they could farm. The ditches brought water to the farm so the plants could drink and grow. They were smart.

Tigua Vs. Caddos (Coastal Plain Tribe)

Before the settlers came the native Americans came over on the Bering strait. The Caddos settled down by the Gulf of Mexico, while the Tiguas settled up in the mountains where they built adobe brick houses on cliffs. The Caddos built wooden framed houses or grass domes out in the plains. The Caddos ate fish, muscles, and other sea foods, and also built dugout canoes. The Tiguas cooked in hollowed gourds and traded with other tribes. The Caddos had appointed chiefs to lead villages, and Tiguas had a leader for each village with a government.

Cites

Clothing picture- https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSeUfK8XKdhL7MXmBACalnfGm5RC1Y2NMMmxrQdl7fNqlafKocd


House picture- 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


Some facts were from- http://tiguaindians-tigua.weebly.com/fun-facts.html


Pottery Picture- https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT3Iyue8i4eGCIEaV7myEG4sd3Dahq0Dl8ceNx9iFcrBU7Ygs_cgw