Tech Theater Overview

By Zachary

Set Design

There are five typed of stages: Black Box Theaer, Thrust Stage, Theater in the Round, Proscenium Stage, and Amphitheater Open Air. All of these have a set of directions, combining with up and down with left, center and right. There are many parts of the stage, some are: grid, pipe, cyc, drop, border, legs, wings, deck, and curtain line.

Elements and Principles of Design

The elements of design are:

Line - Horizontal, vertical, diagonal, straight, curved, etc

Shape - 2D, geometric, organic

Form - 3D, geometric, organic

Color - Strenfth of wavelengths of light

Texture - Feel, appearance, thickness or stickiness of a surface

Space - Area around, within, between images or parts of an image


Principles are:

Pattern - Arragnement of alternated or repeated elements

Contrast - Juxtaposition of differnt elements of design

Emphasis - Special attention given to one part of a work of art

Balance - A feeling of balance results when the elements of design are arranged symmetrically to create the impression of equality in weight or importance

Proportion - The relationship between objects with respect to size, numbers, and so on

Harmony - The arrangement of elements to give the viewer the feeling that all the parts of the piece form a coherent whole

Rhythm - The use of recurring elements to direct the movement of the eye through the artwork.

Lighting Design

The primary function of light is to: illuminate the stage and allow the audience to see the production or to hide what is to not be seen.

Lighting is capable of setting the mood and tone for a scene.

Qualities of light are intent site, color, distribution and movement.

Sound Design

There are three parts of sound in a theatre: music, effects, and reinforcement.

Music is also capable of setting the mood and tone of a scene.

You can blend sounds together in order to create a complete emotion and a stronger effect.

Music can foreshadow future events or set expectations for a future event.

Sound effects are typically made from various of objects and can be made from unexpected objects.


Makeup was first used in a play under the idea by a man named Max Factor in 1914.

Some eye makeup consists of eye shadow, mascara, and eyeliner

The most known makeup is lipstick.

Makeup can be used to add textures.

Makeup is used to blend away temporary and permanent imperfections.

Conceal er's can be used to cover tattoos.


They typically sketch costumes before creating them

There are four categories of natural fabric: wool, cotton, silk and linen

Silk is the oldest textile

Linen is stronger than cotton

You have to measure body parts in order to create a costume that can fit the actor

There are techniques for measuring the body parts, some are different between male and female