Mr. and Mrs. Monroe
James Monroe was born on April 28, 1758 and grew up in Virginia. He was the son of a well-off planter. His mother died before 1774 and his father died soon after when James was 16. Monroe inherited his father's estate. He studied at Campbelltown Academy and then went to the College of William and Mary. He dropped out to join the Continental Army and fight in the American revolution. He later studied law under Thomas Jefferson.
Life before Presidency
Events during Presidency
1818: Convention of 1818, Illinois enters the Union.
1819: McCulloch v. Maryland, Panic of 1819, Adams-Onis (Transcontinental) Treaty, Dartmouth College v. Woodward, Alabama enters Union
1820: Missouri Compromise, Maine enters Union.
1821: Missouri enters Union.
1823: Monroe Doctrine.
1824: American System, Gibbons v. Ogden.
Life After Presidency
Monroe remained in the White House for three weeks after his inauguration because his wife was too ill to travel. When she was healthy the couple returned to their estate, Oak Hill, in Loudoun County, Virginia. During much of his later life, Monroe worked to fix all of his financial problems. Then in 1826, he accepted an appointment to the Board of Visitors of the University of Virginia. He was devoted to the university and served on the board until he was to sick to continue. Monroe had started a book but struggled in finishing it. He abandoned the project and started writing his autobiography but never completed it. Following his wife's death in 1830, at age 72 he moved to New York City to live with his daughter and son-in-law. His health soon declined and he later died on July 4, 1831.