MESOPOTAMIA

land between the rivers

political organisation

Political power arose from the need to organize work.
In the beginning, princes or kings had military, political and religious power. Some of these kings were considered gods or intermediaries.


Economic and social organisation

The economy of these early civilizations was still basically agricultural.

Abundant harvests allowed for the development of other trades (weavers and stonemasons).


THE UPPER CLASS:

Both men and women wore jewelry. Men had long hair and long beards and wore a skirt type garment. Women wore long dresses with one shoulder bare.

THE LOWER CLASS:

The working class wore the same type of garments as the rich only theirs were not made of the same materials.

THE SLAVES:

Sumerians had slaves. When they defeated another town or tribe in a battle, they would bring back the prisoners as slaves.

ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

When people first moved into the region between the Tigris and Euphrates, they found living pretty easy. There was wildlife to hunt, fish in the rivers, and edible vegetation growing wild.
The people of the Mesopotamia area planted and grew wheat, barley, dates, cucumbers, onions, apples and many different herbs and spices.