Architecture

By Tori Simmons

Arch

Have the curved shape of an arch

Brackets

A right angled support attached to and projecting from a wall for holding a shelf, lamp, or other object

Buttress

Provide with projecting supports built against its walls

Chair Rail

a molding on an interior wall for preventing the backs of chairs from rubbing against plaster

Chimney

A vertical channel or pipe that conducts smoke and combustion gases up from a fire or furnace and typically through the roof of a building

Column

An upright pillar supporting an entablature, arch, or other structure or standing alone as a monument

Column Capital

Top most member of a column

Corbel

A projection jutting from a wall to support a structure above it

Cupola

A small dome, especially a small dome on a drum on top of a larger dome, adorning a roof or ceiling

Dormer

A structural element of a building that protrudes from the plane of a sloping roof surface

Eaves

The part of a roof that meets or overhangs the walls of a building

Facade

The face of a building, especially the principle front that looks onto a street or open space

Fanlight

A small semicircular or rectangular window over a door or another window

Finial

A distinctive ornament at the apex of a roof, pinnacle, canopy, or similar structure in a building

Floor Plan

A scale diagram of the arrangement of rooms in one story of a building

Fluting

A groove or set of grooves forming a surface decoration

Frieze

Heavy, coarse, woolen cloth with a nap, usually on one side only

Lintel

A horizontal support of timber, stone, concrete, or steel across the top of a door or window

Mansory

Stonework

Molding

An ornamentally shaped outline, especially in a cornice

Mullions

A vertical member between the casements or panes of a window or the panels of a screen

Parapet

A low protective wall along the edge of a roof, bridge, or balcony

Pediment

Triangular upper part of the front of the building in a classical style

Pendant

Piece of jewelry that hangs from a chain worn around the neck

Pilaster

Rectangular column especially one projecting from a wall

Pillar

Tall vertical structure of stone, wood, or metal, used for support of a building

Porch

A covered shelter projecting in front in front of the entrance of a building

Portico

A structure consisting of a roof supported by columns at regular intervals, typically attached as a porch to a building

Quoins

External angle of a wall or building

Rafters

one of several internal beams extending from the eaves to the peak of a roof constituting its framework

Roof

The structure forming the upper covering of a building or vehicle

Sill

Shelf or slab of stone, wood, or metal at the foot of a window or doorway

Stoop

A porch with steps in front of a house or other building

Stucco

Fine plaster used for coating wall surfaces or molding into decorations

Tower

Tall or narrow building

Transom Light

Cross piece separating a door or the like from a window or a fanlight above it

Wainscot

An area of wooden paneling on the lower part of the walls in a room