Fibers

By:Riana White

Cotton

Comes From:Cotton plant

Advantages/Disadvantages

  1. Strong and durable;comfortable and soft
  2. Not resilient or elastic;wrinkles unless treated

End Uses

  1. Shirts, sweaters, dresses and jeans

Flax/Linen

Comes From: Flax plant

Advantages/Disadvantages

  1. Stronger than cotton; comfortable
  2. Not resilient; wrinkles easily; shrinks

End Uses:

  1. Blouses, dresses. pants, suits

Wool

Comes From:Sheep

Advantages/Disadvantages

  1. Very versatile; provides warmth
  2. Damaged by moths and other insects

End Uses:

  1. Coats, suits, slacks and socks

Silk

Comes From:Worm

Advantages/Disadvantages

  1. Natural luster; strong yet lightweight
  2. Weakened by sunlight, perspiration

End Uses:

  1. Blouses, dresses, lingerie and scarves

Acetate

Comes From:Wood Pulp

Advantages/Disadvantages

  1. Silk-like appearance; soft and drapable
  2. May wrinkle;low abrasion

End uses:

  1. Dresses, wedding and party clothes

Rayon

Comes from: Wood pulp

Advantages/Disadvantages

  1. Soft and comfortable;high moisture absorbency
  2. May wrinkle or shrink unless treated

End uses:

  1. Shirts,draperies and blouses

Lyocell

Comes from: Dissolving pulp

Advantages/Disadvantages

  1. Exceptional strength;lustrous; soft drape
  2. Wrinkles; susceptible to mildew and silverfish

End uses:

  1. Suits, dresses, coats and jackets

Nylon

Comes from:By a process called polymerizing

Advantages/Disadvantages

  1. Very strong;resilient, dries quickly
  2. May yellow or ray and heat sensitive

End uses:

  1. lingerie, pantyhose and swimsuits

Olefin

Comes from:Polyolefin

Advantages/disadvantages

  1. Unique wicking properties
  2. Doesn’t absorb moisture; heat-sensitive

End uses:

  1. Shirts, underwear, socks for active wear.

Polyester

Comes from: plastic compound

Advantages/disadvantages

  1. Dries quickly
  2. Absorbs oily stains

End uses:

100% or blends for shirts, pants and shirts

Spandex

Comes from:sensitizers

advantages/disadvantages

  1. elastic; stronger and more durable
  2. Damaged by chlorine bleach

End uses:

  1. Elastic, underwear, and swimsuits