Final Smore

Review- American History 1 HNRS

5 important people

Abraham Lincoln- The 16th president who changed the life of slavery forever. This man initiated the Emancipation Proclamation which freed slaves from current slave owners.

William Penn- Founded Pennsylvania; created this diverse settlement (religion). Also made peace between Quakers and colonists.

George Washington- First President of the U.S.; Commander; Got America confused with India and discovered America instead.

John Locke-English philosopher who believed in natural rights; people born with rights of life, liberty, property; created the Social Contract Theory

Nathaniel Bacon- Farmer who led Bacon's Rebellion; disgruntled citizens to rebel against the governor

5 important places

Boston- The Boston Massacre occurred where protesters confronted the British. The British killed 5 officers. The Tea Act & Party occurred which Britain tried to put laws and taxes on tea. Sons of Liberty dumped tea into the Harbor.

Texas- gained Independence from Mexico; joining the U.S made Mexico mad and led to the Mexican-American war.

New York- John Peter Zenger, the journalist and newspaper editor published stories in the paper about corruption and was put on trial for "Libel" (publishing lies).

Protestant Europe- The Great Awakening occurred here and in some areas in America. This was a religious revival with fiery preachers. Colonists were brought together by this national event.

Virginia- Bacon's Rebellion occurred which citizens rebelled against the governor; this was violent.

5 important inventions

Cotton Gin- Starting point for slavery; South's major economic success along with their new slaves. Was used to pay for the Civil War, etc.

Coal Mines- helped produce oil, coal, and other fossil fuels to help convenience colonists. Also helped with railroads.

Triangular Trade- Helped ship raw materials, slaves, and manufactured goods.

Factories- provided manufactured goods for colonists, poor pay, bad working conditions

Railroads- helped transport goods and people; immigrants became workers, etc.

5 Important Conflicts- Cause and Effect:

State Powers vs. Federal Powers- State and Federal had arguments of who had the higher power (who has more power) and each side thought they did. The issue was the separation of these two powers. Three branches were made.

Women's Rights- Women were treated like dirt, which made women and some men mad. The Seneca Falls Convention occurred in 1848; meeting to address women's rights. Declared women as equal.

Intolerable Acts- Laws that punished Massachusetts for the Tea Party and Resistance. Leaders called for a meeting which led to continental congress 1 and 2.

Continental Congress 1 and 2- Called in response to Intolerable Acts. Sent a letter demanding changes. Then created a continental army and issued Declaration of Independence.

Proclamation Act- Colonists were not allowed to settle West of the Appalachian Mountains. Colonists died fighting French and Indians. Colonists were already settled in the West and had to move; or rebel.

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The Great Awakening