Milestones in Everyone's Life!

Anatomy and Physiology

2 Months!

By this age the infant should:

Smile and coo

Look at parents

React to noises

Follow objects with eyes

Push up when on stomach

4 Months!

By 4 months an infant should:

Likes to play with people and might cry when playing stops

Begins to babble

Babbles with expression and copies sounds he hears

Cries in different ways to show hunger, pain, or being tired

Lets you know if she is happy or sad

Responds to affection

Reaches for toy with one hand

Holds head steady, unsupported

Pushes down on legs when feet are on a hard surface

May be able to roll over from tummy to back

6 Months!

By 6 months the infant should:

Begin to communicate (by pointing, making noises, and so on)

Crawl and pull to standing

Move things from one hand to another

Make many "sounds" (like mamamamamama)

Play Peek-A-Boo

Grasp small foods between thumb and finger

9 Months!

By 9 months the infant should:

May be clingy with familiar adults

Has favorite toys

Understands “no”

Makes a lot of different sounds like “mamamama” and “bababababa”

Copies sounds and gestures of others

Uses fingers to point at things

Stands, holding on

Can get into sitting position

Sits without support

12 Months!

By 12 months the infant should:

Cries when mom or dad leaves

Has favorite things and people

Shows fear in some situations

Hands you a book when he wants to hear a story

Puts out arm or leg to help with dressing

Starts to use things correctly; for example, drinks from a cup, brushes hair

Bangs two things together

Gets to a sitting position without help

Pulls up to stand, walks holding on to furniture (“cruising”)

May take a few steps without holding on

18 Months!

By 18 months the infant should:

Likes to hand things to others as play

May have temper tantrums

May be afraid of strangers

Says several single words

Says and shakes head “no”

Scribbles on his own

May walk up steps and run

Pulls toys while walking

2 Years!

By 2 years the baby should:

Gets excited when with other children

Shows more and more independence

Shows defiant behavior (doing what he has been told not to)

Points to things or pictures when they are named

Knows names of familiar people and body parts

Says sentences with 2 to 4 words

Plays simple make-believe games

Builds towers of 4 or more blocks

tands on tiptoe

Kicks a ball

Begins to run

Climbs onto and down from furniture without help

Walks up and down stairs holding on

3 Years!

By 3 years the baby should:

Takes turns in games

Shows concern for crying friend

Understands the idea of “mine” and “his” or “hers”

Shows a wide range of emotions

Separates easily from mom and dad

Can work toys with buttons, levers, and moving parts

Plays make-believe with dolls, animals, and people

Does puzzles with 3 or 4 pieces

Understands what “two” means

Copies a circle with pencil or crayon

Climbs well

Runs easily

Pedals a tricycle (3-wheel bike)

Walks up and down stairs, one foot on each step

4 years!

By 4 years the child should:

Plays “Mom” and “Dad”

Is more and more creative with make-believe play

Would rather play with other children than by himself

Cooperates with other children

Sings a song or says a poem from memory such as the “Itsy Bitsy Spider” or the “Wheels on the Bus”

Tells stories

Can say first and last name

Starts to understand time

Remembers parts of a story

Understands the idea of “same” and “different”

Draws a person with 2 to 4 body parts

Uses scissors

Hops and stands on one foot up to 2 seconds

Catches a bounced ball most of the time