Geography of Southern Africa
AG. Period 7
Cape of Good Hope
A high, vast, arid plateau in southern Africa, comprising most of Botswana with parts in Namibia and South Africa. Derived from the Twana word Kgala, meaning the great thirst, or Khalagari, Kgalagadi or Kalagare, meaning a waterless place, the Kalahari has vast areas covered by red sand without any permanent surface water. Drainage is by dry valleys, seasonally inundated pans, and the large salt pans of the Makgadikgadi Pan in Botswana. In 1996 DeBeers evaluated the potential of diamond mining at Gope. In 1997 the eviction of the Bushmen and Bakgalagadi tribes in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve from their land began. In 2006 a Botswana High Court ruled in favor of the Bushmen and Bakgalagadi tribes in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve claiming their eviction from the reserve was unlawful.
A waterfall 355 feet high, on the Zambezi River, on the Zimbabwe Zambia border. By the end of the 1990s almost 300,000 people were visiting the falls annually, and this was expected to rise to over a million in the next decade. Unlike the game parks, Victoria Falls has more Zimbabwean and Zambian visitors than international tourists the attraction is accessible by bus and train, and is therefore comparatively inexpensive to reach