Biography of Franz Kafka
Nicholas Jang's CC, Pierce 6th
Early Life and Employment
-Born into a German-speaking Jewish family on July 3, 1883
-Complained about his father's harsh nature, which heavily influenced his writing
-Excelled at school, later trained to be a lawyer at the University of Prague, which gave him time to study other prospects
-Started to write short novels while working at an Italian insurance company, also part of the Prague Circle
-He soon resigned and started working for an accident insurance company which offered flexible hours for him to write
Personal Life and Health
-Exposed to hardship ever since he was a young boy
-Two younger brothers died
-Father was relentless and controlling
-While in a student club in college, he met Max Brod, a friend that would prove important with his literary works
-In an unsuccessful relationship with Felice Bauer
-Later fell in love with Dora Dymant
-Contracted tuberculosis in 1917, although he was under constant stress beforehand
-Died in Vienna on June 23, 1924
A rigorous secondary school where Kafka excelled.
University of Prague
This is the university where Kafka began to explore his interests.
A friend of Kafka that would oversee his literary works.
Writing and Historical Significance
-Earliest published books were in 1908
-Max Brod was his literary executor
-In 1912, he wrote "The Judgement" in one night and also wrote "The Metamorphosis" the same year
-Feature existentialism, socialism, and Marxism elements
-Many of his stories feature bizarre scenarios
-He burned much of his work
-His final request was for his dear friend Max Brod to burn all of his works once he died, however, Max Brod decided to publish them instead
-"Kafkaesque" is used to describe something similar to concepts of his work, specifically "The Metamorphosis" and "The Trial"
Connection to "The Metamorphosis"
-Many characters mimicked resisting a powerful force, like his father
-Political views also effected his literature
-Existentialism features the individual, such as Gregor Samsa
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