The first mobile cell phone was invented by a man named Martin Cooper, a graduate of Illinois Institute of Technology and employee at Motorola.
The first cell phones were available for sale to the public in America in 1983 by Motorola.
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At first the cell phone was seen as a possession of either the wealthy or of those in the business world but as time went on there was a constant decline in the price of phones and eventually during the late 1990s and early 2000s the price dropped to around $150. After the drop in price the cell phone was a must have product. The cell phone has evolved into a necessity for most Americans to function in their work place and through out their normal day to day lives.
Cell phones also recently have been in the spotlight because of the recent NSA scandal involving the US government domestic spying on citizens and discovering information through cell phones and other technology of Americans.