THE GHETTOS

Pd.5 Heather,Caroline,Alison,Macey,Rodolfo,Caesar

what were the ghettos for?

Nazis built ghettos in order to contain, confine and destroy the Jews of central and eastern Europe.

The ghetto was not a Nazi invention. Its origins can be traced back to medieval times, when restrictions on the places where Jews were allowed to reside were commonplace throughout Europe. Although this restriction is usually perceived as relating to towns or cities, it even applied in certain cases to entire countries.

Life in Ghettos

What life was like in the ghettos:

Life in the ghettos was usually unbearable. Overcrowding was common. One apartment might have several families living in it. Plumbing broke down, and human waste was thrown in the streets along with the garbage. Contagious diseases spread rapidly in such cramped, unsanitary housing. People were always hungry. Germans deliberately tried to starve residents by allowing them to purchase only a small amount of bread, potatoes, and fat. Some residents had some money or valuables they could trade for food smuggled into the ghetto; others were forced to beg or steal to survive. During the long winters, heating fuel was scarce, and many people lacked adequate clothing. People weakened by hunger and exposure to the cold became easy victims of disease; tens of thousands died in the ghettos from illness, Every day children became orphaned, and many had to take care of even younger children. Orphans often lived on the streets, begging for bits of bread from others who had little or nothing to share. Many froze to death in the winter. starvation, or cold. Some individuals killed themselves to escape their hopeless lives.

Extra Info

-The Germans established at least 1,000 ghettos

-The largest ghetto was in Warsaw, with its highest population reaching 445,000 in March 1941.

-A few of the major ghettos were located in the cities of Bialystok, Kovno, Lodz, Minsk, Riga, Vilna, and Warsaw.

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