Sexual Dysfunction

Top Male and Female Sexual Disorders

Sexual dysfunction disorders are defined by the difficulty to responding or performing sexually and are experienced by most male and females. According to the DSM-5, there are seven disorders that can cause significant sexual impairment or distress to an individual. In order for the issue to be considered a disorder the person must be experiencing the symptoms most of the time for at least 6 months around 75 to 100% of the time (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2014).

The most significant sexual disorder affecting male population is Erectile Disorder. It is estimated that one and five men over the age of 20 of men could be diagnosed with this disorder. As the male progresses in age the prevalence of erectile disorder increase dramatically (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2014). The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that 30 million American men have erectile related problems. Furthermore, 80% of all cases are due to physical related issues such as excess life stressors and those who are taking beta-blockers for high blood pressure and heart disease. Medications such as Viagra and Levitra can be used to treat erectile dysfunction. However, there are side effects such as blurred vision and headaches so an evaluation should be performed by a medical doctor before taking any medication in this class is prescribed. Therapy by a licensed therapist can also be used as an effective treatment option for suffers. For those who don’t benefit from medications and therapy due to nerve and vascular damage penile implants can be an option for treatment (King, 2012).

The most significant sexual impairment experiences by women is known as female sexual interest/arousal disorder. Women must report three symptoms significantly related to the disorder with a prevalence of 6 months or more experiencing such issues (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2014). Symptoms can include but are not limited to vaginal dryness and the inability to maintain sexual excitement. Contributing factors can be low levels of testosterone that can be treated with and psychological factors such as a history of sexual abuse (King, 2012).

According to research, at least one in three of the world’s female population are sexually or mentally abused in their lifetimes. With one in four women experiencing this type of violence by an intimate partner. Shame, sexual dysfunction, depression and post-traumatic stress are only a few effects of the abuse. However, with proper treatment the survivor can begin the emotional and physical process of healing (Smith & Ho, 2013).

References:

King, B. (2012). Human Sexuality Today Seventh Edition. Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.

Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2014). Abnormal psychology (6th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Smith, J. R., Ho, L. S., Langston, A., Mankani, N., Shivshanker, A., & Perera, D. (2013). Clinical care for sexual assault survivor’s multimedia training: a mixed-methods study of effect on healthcare providers’ attitudes, knowledge, confidence, and practice in humanitarian settings. Conflict and Health, 7, 14. Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com.bakerezproxy.palnet.info/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA336504434&v=2.1&u=lom_accessmich&it=r&p=AONE&sw=w&asid=24c0dbdace28198ad4bdb9b5a5b357ea

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