CANADA

Canada and its' History

Where do most Canadians Live? Why?

Most Canadians live around the Great Lakes near the southern border of Canada close to the U.S.. If they don't live there, they live near a body of water or close to the ocean. Northern Canada has scarcely any people living there because of its permafrost, it is hard to contact anyone, food is hard to get because of the freezing temperatures and nobody wants to go out delivering food to some poor dude out at the northern part of the Northwest Territories. The southern border has the most obtainable natural resources and it is also the warmest place in Canada. It's estimated that about 75 percent of Canada's population live within 161 kilometers of the southern border.

Canada's History and Languages

New France

In 1534, Jacques Cartier sailed up the St. Lawrence River and claimed the land for France, naming it New France. For a long time, no permanent French settlement had been built. But in 1608, Samuel de Champlain built the first French settlement in Quebec, or New France. The French language is more widely spoken in Quebec than in any other Canadian province or territory.

British Immigrants

Starting in the 15th century, the British has started to settle and colonize Canada. But it wasn't until the 1880s that English was considered an official language of Canada. Because of the vast amount of immigrants that came from Britain and were schooled in Britain, English became a fairly popular language in Canada.

The Canadian Goverment

Canada is a constitutional monarchy, a parliamentary democracy, and a federation. Canada's constitution lists the powers of the government. A king or queen from the British monarchy is the head of state, and because they don't live in Canada, he or she elects a governor-general to represent him or her. The legislative branch of government, or the parliament, consists of the House of Commons, the Senate, and the governor-general. The citizens of Canada elects their representatives for the House of Commons. The Prime Minister, or the head of government is the leader with the most elected member of parliament. Canada's federation shares some power between the national government, the provinces, and the three territories.