Child Guidance

By Melissa Norcutt, Alyssa Charles

Early School Age

  • Want to please adults, teachers, and peers.
  • May show developmental regression.
  • Enjoy playing more than learning.
  • Misbehave to get attention even if the attention is bad.

Guidance and Discipline for early school-age children

3 types of behavior reinforcement:

  • Positive- paying attention when children do what you want.
  • Negative- paying attention to children when they misbehave.
  • Extinction- paying no attention to misbehavior and attempts to be noticed.

Direct methods of guidance.

  • Talking to children at eye level and use simple, positive directions.
  • Encouraging child with positive feedback.

Indirect methods

  • Encouraging independence by providing accessible behavior.
  • Providing appropriate adult supervision.

Tools to Guidance & Discipline children

  • Time out
  • Reinforcing behavior

Developing sef control

  • What to do.
  • How to behave appropriately.

Self control

  • Feel safe.
  • Be able to think for themselves.

Negative tools

  • Such as spanking, hitting, yelling, or making fun of children.
  • Can cause child to question and discount themselves, leads to discouragement.

Reasons children misbehave

  • Curiosity.
  • Angry feelings.
  • Need for attention or love.
  • Anxiety.